developed in grace and religious feeling. The attempt to display spiritual
strength by a circle behind the faces of the images, in fact, began with the
Mathura school.
Brahmanical Images The Mathura artists also carved out images of
Brahmanical divinities. Popular Brahmanical gods, Siva and Vishnu, were
represented alone and sometimes with their consorts, Parvati and Lakshmi
respectively. Images of many other Brahmanical deities were also faithfully
executed in stone.
Female Figures The most striking remains are the beautiful female figures
of yaksinis, naginis and apsaras. These richly jewelled ladies, stand in pert
attitudes reminiscent of the Indus dancing girl.
Royal Statues Most of the Kushana royal statues were found at the village
of Mat (near Mathura) where the Kushana kings had a winter palace, with a
chapel in which the memory of former monarchs and princes was revered.
Almost all the figures have been broken by the rulers of the succeeding
dynasties, and that of the great Kanishka, the most striking of the statues,
unfortunately lacks its head.
Amaravati School
Period and Place In the region between the lower valleys of the Krishna
and Godavari, which became an important centre of Buddhism at least as
early as the second century BE, a separate school of art, known as the
‘Amaravati School’, flourished. Though it had its beginnings in the middle of
the second century BE, it matured only in the later Satavahana period (second
and third century AD) and declined by the end of the forth century AD. Its
main centres were Amaravati, Nagarjunakonda and Jaggayyapeta. Its artists
mainly used white marble.
Buddhists Statues The great stupa of Amaravati was adorned with
limestone reliefs depicting scenes of the Buddha’s life and surrounded with
free-standing Buddha figures.
Secular Statues Amaravati artists created beautiful human images, which
outnumber those of religious nature. The figures and images of males and
females carved under the influence    of this school have been regarded as some