Gandhara Buddha
Mathura School
Period and Place The school of art that developed at Mathura (UP) has
been called the ‘Mathura School’. Its origin has been traced back to the
middle of the second century BC, but it was only in the first century AD that its
genuine progress began. The artists of Mathura used the spotted red
sandstone for making images. Though the Mathura school owed much to the
earlier Indian traditions (Bharhut, Gaya and Sanchi), it also borrowed from
the Gandhara school and adopted more than one Graeco-Roman motif.
Jaina Images In its early phase, the Mathura school was probably inspired
by Jainism as we find that many figures of cross-legged naked tirthankaras in
meditation were carved by Mathura     craftsmen.