adopted the title maharaja mahatma, the great king of kings, an exact Prakrit
translation of the title basileos megalou adopted by several Indo-Greek kings.
His rule extended on both sides of the Indus, from Pushkalavati on the west
to Taxila on the east. The obverse side of the Maues’ coins do not usually
bear his figure but instead a large number of deities. mostly Greeks and a few
non-Greeks. Among the latter can be found one or two Indian deities such as
Siva and the Buddha.
    Numismatic evidence suggests that Maues was succeeded by Azes I.
Azes I issued some coins jointly with another king named Azilises in which
the former’s name appears in Greek on the obverse and the latter’s in
Kharosthi on the reverse. Thus Azilises who was probably the son of Azes
ruled cojointly with the latter for some time before he came to the throne.
Then again we have another group of coins on which the name in Greek is
Azilises and in Kharosthi Azes. This Azes, according to most scholars, was a
second ruler of that name who ruled cojointly with his predecessor Azilises
and was probably his son and successor.
    Azilises continued most of the devices followed by his predecessors on
the coins but introduced some strikingly original ones. One of them is the
typically Indian deity, Abhishekha-Lakshmi. The much debased silver and
copper coins and the paucity of varieties of Azes II’s coins indicate that his
dominion was shrunken. After Azes II the Saka territory passed under the
sway of Gondophernes.
Satrapal System and Western Satrapas
The Achaemenid conquerors of north-western India were the first to
introduce the satrapal system of government in the country. The title satrap
or kshatrapa is the Hellenised form of the old Persian kshathrapavan which
means ‘protector of the kingdom’. The office of the strategos, a Greek word,
means general; but during the Saka-Pahlava rule in India the word strategos
must have signified the position of a subordinate ruler. The satrapal form of
government received a fresh impetus during the Scythian rule in India, the
chief feature of which was the system of joint rule of a mahakshatrapa and a
satrapa, that is, the joint rule of the rajan and the yuvaraja in ancient Indian