to the west.
between Milinda, the King of Sakala (Sialkot in the Punjab) and Nagasena,
an erudite Buddhist monk. Of all the Indo-Greek rulers it was Menander who
captivates the imagination of Indian scholars, for Kshemendra (11th century
AD) makes a respectful mention of him in his Avadanakalpalata.
House of Eucratides
Heliocles was the last Greek king to rule over Bactria and India. After
Heliocles, Bactria was overwhelmed by the Saka deluge from the steppes of
Central Asia. Antialcidas is the next king who immediately followed
Heliocles. A Brahmi inscription engraved on a Garuda pillar found at
Besnagar near Bhilsa records that Antialcidas sent an ambassador, named
Heliodorous, to the court of Kasiputra Bhagabhadra, identified with the last
but one Sunga, Bhagavata. It is noteworthy that Antialcidas had his
headquarters at Taxila which was the home of his ambassador, described as a
Bhagavata (worshipper of Krishna). Epigraphic and numismatic evidence
points to his undoubted sway over Taxila, Kapisa-Gandhara and the
Paropamisadae (Kabul region).
    Amyntas was another Greek king who followed Antialcidas on the throne
after a short interval. It has been suggested that Amyntas was probably the
father of Hermaeus. Hermaeus was the last Indo-Greek ruler who had to
maintain his precarious hold against the advancing menace of the Sakas,
Parthians and the Yuehchis. He made a futile bid to stem the tide of
advancing foes by uniting the two rival houses. But dangers were
overwhelming and he finally succumbed to the Parthians or the Pahlavas of
the Kandahar region.
Effects of Greek Invasion
The second Greek conquest of India was far more important than
Alexander’s. The expeditions of Demetrius, Eucratides and Menander were
not mere invasions of the ordinary kind; they penetrated deep into the Indian
territory with the obvious purpose of setting up an empire. The establishment
of Greek rule in the Punjab and adjacent territories by the Indo-Greek rulers
of Bactria lasted for over a century and a half.
    The provincial organisation      of the Hellenistic kingdom—the Greek