Satavahana Official Designations The Satavahana political functionaries
afford one of the earliest examples of the use of the title maha (great), which
later came to be generally associated with the designations of the Gupta
princes and officials and feudatories. The Satavahana kings usually called
themselves raja, although the term maharaja is mentioned in their
inscriptions. There appear other designations such as mahasenapati,
maharathi, mahabhoja, mahatalavara, etc., which are considered to be the
designations of the feudatories of the Satavahanas. Some feudatories such as
the maharathis not only bore metronymics like the Satavahanas but also
enjoyed hereditary status, enabling them to issue coins and grant villages in
their own rights. Some of these titles are found among the Ikshvakus, Chutus,
Vishnukundins, etc., and also among some branches of the Satavahanas, who
were evidently the feudatories of the main branch.
     Numerous officers were connected with the writing of land charters. In
one case, the charter was drafted by an amatya, in another, by a pratihara
(first mentioned under the Satavahanas), and in still another, by a
mahasenapati. This means that drafting was not specifically assigned to one
officer, although in post-Gupta times, it tended to be confined to the
sandhivigrahika. The Satavahanas also maintained keepers of land charters,
known as pattika-palaka, engravers who inscribed the charters and agents
who conveyed them to the beneficiaries.
Mode of Payment Satavahana officers may have been paid in cash, a
practice recommended by the Arthasastra of Kautilya and suggested by the
long list of various figures of karshapanas given in the Nanaghat Cave
Inscription of Naganika and elsewhere. Such figures show that the cash fees
given on the occasion of various sacrifices amounted to 1,48,000 and odd
karshapanas. Cash payment is strongly corroborated by the numerous coins
of lead, potin, copper and silver found mainly in Maharashtra, although not
so uncommon in Andhra and parts of Madhya Pradesh. No post-Maurya
dynasty can boast of so many coins as the Satavahanas. They are certainly
much larger than what can be attributed to the Mauryas. This would imply
stronger control over the officials. Hoards of the Roman gold coins found in
the Satavahana territory may have been used for large-scale transactions or as
bullion. But the Satavahana coins were apparently put to use in day-to-day
transactions, including payment