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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 528Book's First Page
resources, Gautamiputra overthrew Nahapana and recovered northern Maharashtra, Konkan, the Narmada valley, Saurashtra, besides Malwa and western Rajputana. He ruled over a wide area extending from the Krishna in the south to Malwa and Saurashtra in the north and from Berar in the east to the Konkan in the west. To the Buddhists he made munificent donations. His patronage of Brahmanism is revealed by the epithet ‘Ekabrahmana’. Vasishtiputra Pulamayi I, Gautamiputra’s successor, extended the Satavahana power up to the mouth of the Krishna and conquered the Bellary district. This has been proved by his special type of coins ‘ship with double mast’ found in the Coromandel coast which also demonstrate the special attention paid by the Satavahanas to naval power and maritime trade. Pulamayi’s allusion in the largest number of Satavahana inscriptions and the wide distribution and variety of his coins indicate the existence of a vast empire and great economic prosperity. During his reign, the old stupa at Amaravati was repaired, enlarged and encased in richly sculptured marble slabs. The closing years of Pulamayi’s reign marked a revival of satrap power under Chashtana. Pulamayi’s successor was Vasishthiputra Sri Satakarni. Perhaps to checkmate the satrapas, he married the daughter of mahasatrapa Rudradaman. But the Saka-Satavahana conflict began afresh in the reign of the next king Siva Sri Pdumayi II. It is stated in an inscription that Rudradaman defeated him twice and reconquered Aparanta (north Konkan) and Anupa (the Nannada valley). The last great ruler of the Satavahana dynasty was Yajna Sri Satakarni. Inscriptions at Nasik, Kanheri and Guntur testify that he ruled over both eastern and western Deccan. He regained much of the area which had been lost to the western satrapas and issued silver coins in imitation of the western satrapa coinage. The numerous coins issued by him are of various denominations and are widely distributed. The minting of coins in large numbers was due to commercial prosperity and successful tennination of hostilities with the Sakas. But during the closing years of Yajna Sri’s reign, the Abhiras impaired the political unity of the Deccan by appropriating the territory around Nasik. The last Satavahana of the main line was Pulamayi IV.