and ruled in unbroken continuity for 460 years. Historians are often
confronted with the baffling problem of the original home of the
Satavahanas, the meaning of their dynastic name and the title Satakarni. The
kings represented in epigraphic records are mentioned in the Puranas as
Andhras, Andhrajatiyah and Andhrabhrityah. Andhra is both a tribal and a
territorial name. While the Andhras as a people are mentioned as early as the
5th century BE, the Aitareya Brahmana speaks of them as the degenerate
sons of Visvamitra. Pliny the Elder, refers to the Andhras as a powerful race
which supplied the king with an army of 1,00,000 infantry, 2,000 cavalry and
1,000 elephants. In the Asokan inscriptions the Andhras are mentioned along
with the Parindas as border people.
                       RECENT EXCAVATIONS
  The argument that the early records of the Satavahanas have been
  discovered in Maharashtra alone no longer holds good. Only two
  inscriptions (Nanaghat and Nasik) and a few coins of doubtful authenticity
  were discovered in Maharashtra. But recent excavations in the Telangana
  districts of AP resulted in the discovery of a large number of Satavahana
  coins and seals. At Kotilingala sever al coins of Simukha, the founder of
  the Satavahana dynasty, and those of other early rulers like Kanha and
  Satakarni I were found. Similarly at Kondapur, Peddabankur and
  Dhulikatta, several seals, coins and terracotta objects were discovered.
  These discoveries testify to the fact Telangana was the nucleus of the
  Satavahana empire. Further, the description of Satakarni I as
  ‘Dakshinapatha-pathi’ in the Nanaghat inscription proves that the
  Satavahana dominion was not confined to western Deccan alone, but
  included other areas of the Deccan and beyond.
    The connotation of Satavahana and Satakarni is the subject matter of
great debate. Satavahana is connected by some with Satiyaputras. Others say
that Satavahana is a Prakrit form of saptavahana which means the solar
origin of the dynasty as the Sun’s chariot is believed to be drawn by seven
horses. Satakarni is the surname borne by the Satavahanas. The Satavahanas