The Sunga art is the first attempt of the organised and integrated art activity
of the Indian people as a whole and is thus the antithesis of the court art of
the Mauryas.
The minister Vasudeva, who usurped the throne after murdering his Sunga
master Devabhuti, founded a new royal dynasty known as the Kanvas or
Kanvayana in Magadha. The kingdom of the first Kanva was limited in
extent, perhaps confined to Magadha alone.
    Bhumimitra, successor of Vasudeva, was fol- lowed by his son Narayana.
He has been identified by some with Vishnumitra of the coins. Narayana was
succeeded by his son Susarman who was the last ruler of the Kanvas when
the latter was sup- planted by the Andhras in 27 BC.
Other Dynasties of North India
Menander crossed the Indus and occupied the Punjab as far as the river Ravi.
The Greek success emboldened the provincial governors to assert their
independence and numerous independent principalities came into existence in
Ayodhya, Kausambi, Mathura and Ahichchhatra. To the south-west of
Mathura lay the tribal republic of the Arjunayanas whose territory extended
from Agra in the east to Jaipur in the west.
    With the fall of the Sungas, the Kshatriya tribes living between the Ravi
and the Jamuna reappeared as independent political powers. The
Audumbaras, whose coins have been found with their presiding deity
Mahadeva (Siva), occupied the land between the upper courses of the Ravi
and the Beas. The kingdom of the Kunindas comprised the territory between
the upper courses of the Beas and the Jamuna. Their coins also show their
presiding deity Chatresvara (Siva). A part of Punjab was occupied by the
warrior people of Trigarta. The Yaudheyas held the territory between the
Sutlej and the Yamuna. They issued several coins in the name of their
presiding deity Kartikeya, also called Brahmanya.