version compiled by Bhrigu, one of the disciples of Manu.
    (b) The next in importance is the Yajnavalkya Smriti, which has three
        kandas (sections) on achara, vyavahara, and prayaschitta. It agrees
        with the Manu Smriti on many points, but disagrees on issues like
        niyoga, inheritance, and gambling. It has got a few valuable
        commentaries like Balakrida, Apararka, and Mitaksara, of which
        Mitaksara is the most critical and authoritative.
    (c) The Parasara Smriti is noted for its advanced views and it is
        considered most suited for the kaliyuga. It deals with achara and
        prayaschitta only. It mentions the apaddharma of the four castes:
        agriculture, trade, and commerce for the Brahmins, etc. Its
        commentary by Madhavacharya is very popular and authoritative and
        explains vyavahara under raja-dharma.
    (d) The Narada Smriti occurs in two recensions and deals with vyavahara
        only. It closely follows Manu, but introduces a few innovations in the
        eighteen titles of law and permits niyoga, remarriage of women, and
        gambling under certain conditions.
    (e) The Brihaspati Smriti has seven sections dealing with vyavahara,
        achara, and prayaschitta. It closely follows the Mannu Smriti and is
        known as a parisista (supplement) to the latter.
    (f) The Katyayana Smriti follows closely the works of Manu, Brihaspati
        and Narada. It specially deals with stridhana (a woman’s personal
    Among others mention may be made of the Smritis of Angirasa, Daksa,
Pitamaha, Prajapati, Marici, Yama, Visvamitra, Vyasa, Sangrahakara, and
The Six Orthodox Philosophical Systems
The Sanskrit term for philosophy is darsana, derived from drishti, literally
meaning a ‘seeing’ or ‘view point’. Although Indian philosophy is
inextricably bound up with religious beliefs, it is still possible for an orthodox
Hindu to be an atheist. Some of the traditional systems are also atheistic
insofar as they deny the existence of a creator god. He may also accept the
doctrine of rebirth yet not accept that a single deity created the world from