prior to the evolution of the present-day
Kanarese is of Jaina influence. The Jainas have also written some of their
scriptures in Sanskrit.
Mathura, Bundelkhand, Madhya Bharat and south India are full of Jaina
statues. They belong to the 11th and the 12th centuries.
1. The gigantic statues of Bahubali, called Gomatesvara, at Sravana
Belgola and Karkal in Mysore are among the wonders of the world.
The former statue, 56.5 feet high, carved out of a mass of granite,
standing at the top of a hill was erected in 982 AD by Chamundaraya,
the minister of a Ganga ruler, Rachamalla.
2. The colossal reliefs carved out of rock near Gwalior in Madhya
Bharat belong to the 15th century.
3. The Jaina caves with their relief works and statues at Udaigiri hills
near Bhilsa in Madhya Bharat and Ellora in Maharashtra are the
examples of excellent architecture and sculpture of the period.
The Jainas have also constructed cave temples cut in rocks, the earliest
examples of which, belonging to the 2nd century BC, exist in Orissa. They are
called Hathigumpha caves. Other examples of different periods are still
existing at Junagarh, Junnar, Osmanabad and other places.
Many Jaina places of pilgrimage, such as the Parsvanatha Hills. Pavapuri
and Rajgir in Bihar, and Girnar and Palitana in Kathiawar have temples and
other architectural monuments of different ages. The Jaina tower at Chittor in
Rajasthan is one of the best specimens of Jaina architecture.
The Jaina temples at Mount Abu, in Rajasthan, belonging to the 11th
century, are a witness of the Indian genius for the invention of graceful
patterns and their application to the decoration of masonry.
COMPARISON OF BUDDHISM AND JAINISM
Similarities (i) Both the Buddhist and the Jaina systems were non-
theistic. Buddha was agnostic (one who ignores god), while Mahavira
denied god as the creator of the Universe and considered gods, if any, as
subordinate to Jaina teachers, (ii) Both were protest movements against