2. The Jaina literature also contains a large number of verse romances.
Bana’s Kadambari served as the model of Somadeva ‘s Yasastilaka
(959 AD) and Dhanapala’s Tilakamanjari (970 AD). The poet
Harichandra wrote a Mahakavya called Dharmasarmabhyudaya in
imitation of Magha’s Sisupalavadha. There is an interesting poem
called Nemiduta by Vikrama in which the last line of every stanza is
taken from Kalidasa’s Meghadutam. There are also other epic poems
independently written, such as Malayasundarikatha,
Yasodharacharita of Kanakesena Vadiraja (10th century AD) and
Mrigavaticharita of Maladhari Devaprabha (13th century AD).
VI. Religious Lyrics
1. Bhaktamarastotra of Manatunga;
2. Pavayanasara (Pravachanasara) of Kundaklinda (seventh century
3. Uvaesamala of Dharmadasa;
4. Sringaravairagyatarangini of Somaprabha (1276 AD); and
5. Gathakosa, an anthology by Mlinichandrasuri (1122 AD).
Among other famous authors Umasvati or Umasvamin (seventh century
AD) is reputed to have composed no less than 500 works. His
Tattvarthadhigamasutra, looked upon as an authoritative work both by the
Digambaras and the Svetambaras, deals with cosmology, metaphysics and
the ethics of the Jainas. Another work of his, Sravakaprajnapati, gives a
systematic exposition of the Jaina religion mainly intended for the lay
Amitagati, the author of Subhashitaratna-samdoha and Dharmapariksha,
lived from the late 10th to the early 11th century AD. His books contain a
severe attack against the Brahmanical religion, particularly the caste system.
Chamunda Maharaja composed his Charitrasara, in 978 AD. This work
deals with ethical principles of the Digambaras.
Santisuri’s Jivaviyara is a remarkable work, dealing with varied subjects
like theology, zoology, botany, anthprology and mythology.
The rich literature produced by the Jainas preserves the form of the
language as it was current