III. Historical Works
The Jainas further possess an extensive poetic literature of what are called
Charitras and Prabandhas. The former narrate the stories of tirthankaras and
mythical sages, while the latter give an account of historical Jaina monks and
    1. One of the most famous works is Trisastisalaka Purushacharita (lives
        of 63 best men) of Hemachandra, which ranks as a Mahakavya among
        the Jainas. The book is divided into ten parvas and the last parva,
        Mahaviracharita, dealing with the life of Mahavira, is naturally
        regarded as very important. But more valuable still, from the point of
        view of literary history, is the appendix to this book, Parisistaparvan
        or Sthaviravalicharita, the biography of the earliest teachers of
        Jainism, whose names and order of succession may be regarded as
    2. Lists of Jaina teachers are also furnished in various Pattavalis and
        their history in the Gurvavalisutra of Dharmasagaragani and the
        Theravali of Merutunga.
    3. The Prabhavakacharitra of Prabhachandra and Pradyumnasuri
        (1250 AD) gives the story of 22 Jaina teachers including Hemachandra
IV. Semi-historical Works
    1. There are also semi-historical works like Prabandhachintamani of
        Merutunga (1306 AD) and the Prabandhrakosa of Rajesekhara (1349
        AD) in which groups of legends are centred round historica: persons,
        including Jaina teachers and kings like Bhoja, Vikramaditya,
        Siladitya, and others.
    2. The Digambaras sometimes style the Charitras as Puranas, for
        instance Padmacharita or Padmapurana by Vimalasuri.
    3. There is also a Mahapurana, written partly by Jinasena and partly by
        his disciple Gunabhadra, which contains, like Brahmanical Puranas,
        an account of the various rites and ceremonies. Jinasena is also the
        author of Harivamsapurana, which was completed in 783 AD.
V. Romantic Works