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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 290Book's First Page
RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS Gautama Siddhartha Vardamana Mahavira Born at Lumbni to Sakyas of Born to Jnatrikas (Natas) of Kapilvastu – Suddhodana & Kundagrama – Siddharta & Mahamaya Trishala Married to Vashoda and had son Married to Yashoda and had Rahula daughter Anojja Renounced the world after Renounced the world after the witnessing four scenes in his 29th death of his parents inhis 30th year year Attained Nirvana in his 35th year Attained Kalvalya in his 42nd year under a pipal tree at Bodhgaya under a sal tree at Jrimbhikagrama Passed away at Kushinagar in his Passed away at Pavapuri in his 80th year after teaching for 45 72nd year after teaching for 30 years years Buddhism Gautama Buddha’s Life Gautama or Siddhartha, founder of Buddhism, was born in 563 BC in Lumbini (now in Nepal) in the Sakya Kshatriya clan of Kapilavastu. His mother was Maya, a princess of the neighbouring clan of the Koliyas. The site of his nativity is marked by the celebrated Rummindei Pillar of Asoka. As Maya died in child-birth, Siddhartha was brought up by his aunt and step- mother, Prajapati Gautami. His other relatives were Suddhodhana (father), Yasodhara (wife), Rahula (son) and Devadatta (cousin). The sight of an old man, a sick man, a dead body and an ascetic intensified Siddhartha’s deep hatred for the world and made him realise the hollowness of worldly pleasures. After the birth of his son, he left home at the age of twenty nine in search of the Truth. This departure is known as the ‘Great Renunciation’ (mahabhinishkramana).