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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 191Book's First Page
Later Vedic Period (1000–600 BC) This period was marked by further expansion of the Aryans to parts of eastern Rajasthan, eastern UP and northern Bihar. The Satapatha .Brahmana throws light on this expansion to the eastern Gangetic plains. It reports the founding of a realm called ‘Videha’ by a prince, Videgha Madhava. The prince, according to the text, started from the river Sarasvati in the company of the fire god, Agni, who had gained fame already as a great coloniser. Videgha followed Agni until they came to the river Sadanira (modern Gandak) and stopped. Several more tribes and kingdoms find mention in the later Vedic literature. The Purus and the Bharatas were amalgamated to form the Kurus. The Kuru kingdom corresponds to modem Thanesvar, Delhi and the upper Gangetic Doab. The Atharva Veda speaks of the Kuru king Parikshit in whose reign this kingdom flourished. His descendant, Janmejaya, who performed an asvamedha, was a great conqueror. The Panchalas were also a composite class, as this name, derived from pancha (five), shows. According to the Satapatha Brahmana, they were formerly called Krivis, who may have been one of the constituent tribes. Perhaps, the earlier Anus, Druhyus and Turvasas that disappeared at this period also comprised the confederation. The Upanishads mention Pravahana Jaivali, a patron of learning who used to hold intellectual tournaments at his court. The territory of this tribe roughly corresponds to the Bareilly, Badaun, Farukhabad and adjoining districts of today.