1000 BC. The language of the Zend Avesta (old Persian) is also very similar to
the Rig Vedic Sanskrit. In fact the Vedic culture has close affinities with the
ancient Aryan culture of Iran, and both of them seem to have derived from
one and the same Indo-Iranian culture.
Archaeological Studies
Scholars have also been able to bring into light some important
archaeological evidence from West Asia and India. The excavations and the
Boghaz Kui (Turkey) inscriptions in the script of Babylonian cuneiform yield
information about the oldest known group of Aryans, the Hittites who moved
into Asia Minor before 1950 BC. One of the Boghaz Kui inscriptions gives the
copy of a peace treaty of about 1400 BC, between the Hittites and the
Maryanni rulers of the Mitanni, in which the names of the Vedic gods—
Indra, Varuna, Mitra and Nasatyas—have been invoked, evidently from the
side of the latter. Another inscription from the same place reveals that the
language of Maryanni rulers of the Mitanni (inhabiting north Mesopotamia)
was distinctly a form of archaic Indo-Iranian, for the numerals in their
language are distinctly Indo–Iranian in type, viz. aika, tera, panza, satta, etc.
On the evidence of Indian archaeological objects, it is assumed that Aryans
were the authors of the Painted Grey Ware Culture (1100-600 BC) with its
epicentre located in the Ganga–Yamuna doab.
Anthropological Studies
Finally, attempts have also been made by some scholars to identify the
original home of the Aryans with the help of anthropology. The Aryans as
described in the Vedas as a race of tall people, having white skin, radiant
complexion and fair hair. But no skeletal remains have so far been identified
positively with the Aryans of ancient times. These Aryans gradually mixed
with the local people of the places where they settled. They could not,
therefore, preserve their distinct individuality anywhere in the world. Hence,
it is not easy to delineate their racial characteristics, and on this basis, it is not
feasible to locate their original home.
Different Theories