smaller size. One notes that though the pottery changes, the elements
        of urban planning remain.
    • This continuity was first observed in Gujarat in the context of
        Rangpur. Deterioration in the quality of pottery, absence of drains and
        baths and thatched roofs of houses suggest a decline in the prosperity
        of the surviving Harappans at Rangpur. Mature Harappan pottery is
        replaced by a new pottery type which is known as ‘lustrous red ware’.
        The Lustrous Red Ware culture at Rangpur was not an intrusion from
        elsewhere, but a local development of the Harappan culture itself.
    • The evidence of transformation is clear in the Indo-Gangetic divide
        too. The transformation was initially worked out on the basis of
        stratigraphy and associated ceramic continuities and changes at sites
        like Mitathal and Siswal in Haryana. There is no dramatic cultural
        discontinuity anywhere. Settlements are established and abandoned
        and items of material culture change through time, but there is no
        indication that the region was ever abandoned completely or that it
        witnessed a dramatic influx of foreign cultural groups.
Continuity and Transformation Continuity and transformation are the
fundamental features of the phase after the mature Harappan period, in all the
distribution areas. The cultural situation varied from area to area.
    • In the Kachhi plain, the earlier tradition continued with new elements
        at the site of Pirak, whereas in south Baluchistan, the Kulli culture
        might have lingered on.
    • At Jhukar in Sind, only a new pottery style emerged in association
        with the continuing mature Harappan tradition, without any break or
        sudden change in cultural continuity, but the Indus script was limited
        to potsherds, among other things.
    • Cemetery H Ware culture is best focused in Cholistan, which has 50-
        odd sites of this late Harappan period.
    • The entire area between the Sutlej and the Yamuna is dotted with late
        Harappan sites, with a strong concentration in the upper Doab. There
        is no reason to think that its agricultural diversity and richness became
        any less during this period.
    • In Gujarat, there is apparently a miscellany of situations, ranging from
        the small sites with cattle   pens (Kanewal) to the fortified ones like