animals, birds, snakes or fish are frequent motifs found in Harappan pottery.
Another favourite device is the tree pattern. Plants, trees and pipal leaves are
found on pottery. A hunting scene showing two antelopes with the hunter is
noticed on a pot-sherd from cemetery ‘H’. A jar found at Lothal depicts a
scene in which two birds are seen perched on a tree, each holding a fish in its
beak. Below it is an animal with a short thick tail which according to S R Rao
is a fox. He also refers to the presence of a few fish on the ground. If this
identification be correct, we have the kernel of the story narrated in the
Panchatantra of the cunning fox who flattered the crow and managed to
pinch away the morsel from its mouth.
     Harappan people used different types of pottery such as glazed,
polychrome, incised, perforated, and knobbed. The glazed Harappan pottery
is the earliest example of its kind in the ancient world. Polychrome pottery is
rare and mainly comprised small vases decorated with geometric patterns,
mostly in red, black and green and less frequently in white and yellow.
Incised ware is rare and the incised decoration was confined to the bases of
the pans. Perforated pottery has a large hole at the bottom and small holes all
over the wall and was probably used for straining liquor. Knobbed pottery
was ornamented on the outside with knobs.
     The Harappan pottery ware includes goblets, dishes, basins, flasks,
narrow necked vases, cylindrical bottles, tumblers, corn measures, spouted
vases and a special type of dish on a stand, which must have been an offering
stand or an incense-burner. Big storage jars were also discovered. On the
whole, Harappan pottery was highly utilitarian in character, though the
painted designs on some pieces show a remarkable artistic touch.
                          BURIAL PRACTICES
  Archaeologists have excavated cemeteries at several Indus sites like
  Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Kalibangan, Lothal and Ropar. Generally located
  around the perimeter of the settlements, these cemeteries throw light on
  the burial practices of the Harappans. Three forms of burials are found at
  Mohenjodaro, viz. complete burials, fractional burials (burial of some
  bones after the exposure of the body to wild beasts and birds) and post-
  cremation burials. But the general     practice was extended inhumation, the