Date: About 600-200 BC.
Ochre Colour Ware Orange to deep-red pottery, found so far mostly in a
worn-out condition—to the extent that the surface rubs off by mere handling,
leavir:tg an ochre colour on the fingers. Hence the name.
Distribution: Upper Ganga Valley.
Date: Prior to 1200 BC.
Painted Grey Ware Pottery of the grey colour painted with linear and dotted
patterns in black. It is wheel-made, thin-sectioned and well-fired, the more
common shapes being bowls and dishes.
Distribution: Mainly Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and northern Rajasthan.
Date: About 1100-600 BC.
PGW Culture Named, for convenience, after the ware. Distinctive cultural
traits and the Painted Grey Ware; copper in early stages, but soon
supplemented by iron; wattle-and-daub houses; rice and horses.
Distribution: Mainly Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and northern Rajasthan.
Date: About 1100-600 BC.
Pleistocene Geological period immediately preceding the present (Holocene).
It was in the earlier part of this period that man appeared. This period is also
marked by the appearance of the true ox, true elephant and true horse.
Polished Stone Tool Stone tool having a sharp, usually convex, cutting edge
and pointed butt. Made by chipping, pecking and grinding, the last-named
process giving the tool a smooth (polished) surface. Characteristic tool of the
Neolithic times.
Post-cremation Burial Burial of charred human bones after cremation.
Protohistoric Period Literally, the first or earliest period of history. In India
the term is vaguely but usually applied to the period falling between the end
of the Late Stone Age (which itself is not a well-defined point but might be
around 4000 BC) and the beginning of regular history with the Mahajanapadas
in the sixth century BC. Thus, it included not only the Indus civilisation, in
which the art of writing (leading to documentation) was known, but also
other cultures, though materially less advanced, which preceded the historical