the third century AD. In the neighboring
Madrasian Early Stone Age culture of southern India, characterised by
bifacial handaxes and cleavers. So called due to the first discovery of such
tools near Madras.
Malwa Ware Named after the region, Malwa (southwestern part of Madhya
Pradesh), where this typical pottery is found. It has a pale-brown to red
surface and is painted with designs in black or chocolate color. It forms a
characteristic industry of the Central Indian Chalcolithic Culture.
Date: About 1700-1000 BC.
Megaliths Funerary or commemorative mon-uments characterised by the use
of large stones in their make-up. They are of various types. For example,
dolmens, dolmenoid cists, pit-burials, urn or sacropbagus-burials, menhir,
etc. Many of them are superficially demarcated by the circle or circles of
stone. While the cultural association of megaliths in eastern and northeastern
India has yet to be worked out, those in the south are associated with iron
implements and Black-and-Red pottery and are datable approximately to
1000 BC–100 AD.
Microliths Tiny tools made on fine-grained stones. On the basis of shape,
these are classified into two categories: non-geometric (comprising lades.,
borers, points, etc.) and geometric (marked out by trapezes and triangles).
Available evidence indicates that the former category might be earlier, going
back to about 6000 BC.
Middle Stone Age Part of the Stone Age falling between the Early and the
Late. It is characterised by medium-sized tools made of fine-grained stones,
and comprising points, borers, a variety of scrapers and occasional blades and
burins.
Nasta’liq A decorative style of the Arabic script. It came into being in the
fourteenth century AD, having evolved from the Naskh and Ta’Iiq styles. The
letters in it are more round than those in the Naskh.
Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW) A distinctive pottery with a highly
1’1Strous surface, usually black but sometimes steel-grey, silvery or golden.
It is wheel-made, normally thin-sectioned and well-fired, giving a metallic
ring. The more common shapes are bowls and dishes, though lids, etc., also
occur.