the upper doab towards the Gangetic valley,
the descendants of a highly developed Bronze Age civilisation. The specific
form this transition took in different areas no doubt, calls for further research.
Reason for not Changing their Life Earlier The issue that still remains is
why the early Mesolithic communities of inner India, although familiar with
the domestication of cattle, sheep and goat and the utilisation of plants, if not
with incipient cultivation, failed to expand the latter base of their economy
before interacting with the Harappans or perhaps, before feeling the impact of
the direct presence of the late Harappans in their midst. There is no
readymade answer, but the point worth bearing in mind is that there was
simply no pressure on these hunter-gatherers to change their way of life as
along as there was no lack of procurable plant and animal food in the forests.
GLOSSARY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL TERMS
Ahar Culture Named after the type-site Ahar in Rajasthan. Also known as
the Banas Culture, after the river of the same name.
Ash-Mound Mounds formed by cycles of accumulation and conflagration of
dung and stockade in cattle-pens, associated with the Southern Neolithic
Culture (about 2000–1000 BC).
Awl Pointed tool of stone, bone or metal, used for piercing holes in leather,
wood, etc. It is also known as borer.
Black-and-Red Ware Pottery whose interior and the top pan of the exterior
are black and, the lower part of the exterior is red. In India, such pottery
appeared as early as 2000 BC and continued, with modifications, up to the
beginning of the Christian era.
Black-on-Red Ware Pottery of red color with paintings in black.
Burin Tool usually made with a stone blade by flaking its sides at one end,
so that it forms a narrow chisel-edge at the meeting point. Used for
engraving.
Burnisher Tool of varying material used for providing lustrous finish to
pottery.
Carbon-14 Dating A method