Jorwe ceramic elements found as far as Andhra Pradesh and southern
South India
This area is broadly known as the ‘Southern Neolithic Culture’, with
geographical variations in each of the three component ‘states’. It consists of
the Karnataka plateau, the plateau region of north-western part of Tamil
Nadu, and the tract of Telengana and Rayalaseema in Andhra Pradesh. The
focus here is on ‘South Indian Neolithic Culture’, which has a long research
history and is dominated by the issue of Neolithic ash-mounds and the
location of Neolithic settlements on the flat-topped hills of the region.
                       NEOLITHIC ASHMOUNDS
  These are man-made landscape features found in some parts of south India
  (mainly in Karnataka) that have been dated to the Neolithic period (3000
  to 1200 BC). They have been a puzzle for long and have been the subject of
  many conjectures and scientific studies. They are believed to be of ritual
  significance and produced by early pastoral and agricultural communities
  by the burning of dung and animal matter. More than a 100 ashmound
  sites have been identified and many have a low perimeter embankment
  and some have holes that may have held posts.
     A major component of this region from the present point of view is the
two Doabs: the Raichur Doab between the Krishna and the Tungabhadni and
the Shorapur Doab between the Bhima and the Krishna. Sites occur to the
east of the Tungabhadra too.
     Neolithic sites abound in the region; around Tekkalakota alone there are
nineteen of them. The flat-topped granitic hills of the region and the river
banks seem to have provided a suitable occupation ground for the neolithic
settlers. Their principal excavated sites now include Brahmagiri, Maski,
Piklihal, Utnur, Kupgal, Hallur, Nagarjunakonda, Veerapuram, Ramapuram,
Hemmige, Sanganakallu, Pallavoy, Paiyampalli, Tekkalakota, Kodekal and