industry, miscellaneous bone and stone objects, a limited number of beads
and a large variety of grains.
The basic locale of the late Harappans in Maharashtra was in the region
occupied by the Savalda culture. The presence of the Indus script (two
terracotta button-shaped seals and four pot-shards, all with the Indus script) at
Daimabad has clinched the issue of its identification.
At Daimabad evidence appears in the second phase of the site and
occupies an area as large as 20 ha. A grave made of mud-bricks conforming
to the standard Harappan ratio of 4:2:1 was found within the habitation area.
A rich chert blade industry, extensive use of copper, beads, miscellaneous
stone objects, etc. were among the other major components of this cultural
level at Daimabad.
An outstanding find of this period at Daimabad is a hoard of four heavy
solid-cast copper objects (weighing 60 kg in all) showing a man driving a
chariot, a buffalo on a four-legged platform attached to four solid wheels, an
elephant on a similar platform but with its axles and wheels missing, and
finally, a rhino shown standing on the axles of four solid wheels.
The third period at Daimabad is represented by the ‘Daimabad culture’,
which covered an area of about 20 ha and had, as its diagnostic trait, ill fired,
Black-painted Red Ware. The Malwa cultural phase constitutes the fourth
period of the Daimabad sequence. There is extensive structural evidence
belonging to this phase. A number of structures have been identified as
religious, mainly on the basis of the occurrence of fire-altars in them. This is
also the general period when one notes the beginning of Chalcolithic
settlements in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The settlement data of the
succeeding Jorwe phase in Maharashtra have been closely studied. At
Daimabad the settlement size increased to 30 ha. Among the 200-odd
reported Jorwe settlements, a vast majority were villages ranging from I to 3
What is singularly interesting is that in the early Jorwe phase at Inamgaon
there is evidence of an irrigation channel and an embankment to the west of
the main habitation area. Both hand ploughs and seed drills were used in
agriculture. Pottery kilns, gold ornaments, copper, crucibles, terracotta
figurines, some signs of animal and fire worship etc. complete the picture of
Chalcolithic village life we have in the Jorwe phase in Maharashtra. This