a new article 21A after article 21. The new article 21A deals with Right to Education—”The
      State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen
      years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine”.
            Substitution of new Article for Article 45. For Article 45 of the Constitution, the following
      article shall be substituted, namely, Provision for early childhood care and education to children
      below the age of six years. Article 45: “The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care
      and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.”
            Article 51A of the Constitution was amended and a new clause (k) was added after clause
      (j), namely, “(k) who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child
      or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.”
      87.        The Constitution (Eighty-seventh Amendment) Act, 2003 - In Article 81 of the
      Constitution, in clause (3), in the proviso, in clause (ii), for the figures “1991”, the figures
      “2001” shall be substituted.
            In Article 82 of the Constitution, in the third proviso, in clause (ii), for the figures “1991”,
      the figures “2001” shall be substituted.
            In Article 170 of the Constitution, - (i) in clause (2), in the Explanation, in the proviso, for
      the figures “1991”, the figures “2001” shall be substituted; (ii) in clause (3), in the Explanation,
      in the third proviso, for the figures “1991”, the figures “2001” shall be substituted.
            In Article 330 of the Constitution, in the Explanation, in the proviso, for the figures “1991”,
      the figures “2001” shall be substituted.
      88.        The Constitution (Eighty-eighth Amendment) Act, 2003 - It shall come into force on
      such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
            After Article 268 of the Constitution, the following article shall be inserted, namely:
            “268A. (1) Taxes on services shall be levied by the Government of India and such tax shall
      be collected and appropriated by the Government of India and the States in the manner provided
      in clause (2).
            (2) The proceeds in any financial year of any such tax levied in accordance with the
      provisions of clause (1) shall be - (a) collected by the Government of India and the States; (b)
      appropriated by the Government of India and the States, in accordance with such principles of
      collection and appropriation as may be formulated by Parliament by law”.
            In Article 270 of the constitution, in clause(1), for the words and figures “Article 268 and
      269”, the words, figures and letter “Articles 268, 268A and 269” shall be substituted.
            In the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution, in List I-Union List, after entry 9.2B, the
      following entry shall be inserted, namely: “92C. Taxes on services”.
            89. The Constitution (Eighty-ninth Amendment) Act, 2003-It shall come into force on such
      date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
            In Article 338 of the Constitution, - (a) for the marginal heading, the following marginal
      heading shall be substituted, namely:
            “National Commission for: Scheduled Castes”;
            (b) for clauses (1) and (2), the following clauses shall be substituted, namely:
            “(1) There shall be a Commission for the Scheduled Castes to be known as the National