of Supreme Court and High Court judges as follows:
               Chief Justice of India                                   ₹ 10,000 per month
               Judges of Supreme Court                                  ₹ 9,000 per month
               Chief Justice of High Court                              ₹ 9,000 per month
               Judges of High Court                                     ₹ 8,000 per month
           This Act amended Part ‘D’ of the Second Schedule to the Constitution to give effect to the
      above increases in the salaries of judges and to make an enabling provision in Articles 125 and
      221 to provide for changes in the salaries of judges in future by Parliament by law.
      55.      The Constitution (Fifty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1986—This Act seeks to give effect to the
      proposal of Government of India to confer statehood on the Union Territory of Arunachal
      Pradesh and for this purpose, a new Article 371H has been inserted which, inter alia, confers,
      having regard to the sensitive location of Arunachal Pradesh to vest special responsibility on
      Governor of the new State of Arunachal Pradesh with respect to law and order in the State and in
      the discharge of his functions, the Governor shall after consulting the Council of Ministers,
      exercise his individual judgement, as to the action to be taken and this responsibility shall cease
      when President so directs. The new Article also provides that the new Legislative Assembly of
      the new State of Arunachal Pradesh, shall consist of not less than thirty members.
      56.       The Constitution (Fifty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1987—Government of India has
      proposed to constitute the territories comprised in Goa District of the Union Territory of Goa,
      Daman and Diu as the State of Goa and the territories comprised in Daman and Diu districts of
      that Union Territory as a new Union Territory of Daman and Diu. In this context, it was
      proposed that the Legislative Assembly of the new State of Goa shall consist of 40 members.
      The existing Legislative Assembly of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu has 30 elected
      members and three nominated members. It was intended to make this Assembly with the
      exclusion of two members representing Daman and Diu districts the provisional Legislative
      Assembly for the new State of Goa until elections are held on the expiry of the five year terms of
      the existing Assembly. It was, therefore, decided to provide that the Legislative Assembly of the
      new State of Goa shall consist of not less than 30 members. The special provision required to be
      made to give effect to this proposal is carried out by this amendment.
      57.       The Constitution (Fifty-seventh amendment) Act, 1987—The Constitution (Fifty-first
      Amendment) Act, 1984 was enacted to provide for reservation of seats in the house of the people
      for scheduled tribes in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh and also for
      reservation of seats for scheduled tribes in the legislative assemblies of Nagaland and Meghalaya
      by suitably amending articles 330 and 332. Even though these states are predominantly tribal, the
      underlying objective of the aforesaid act was to ensure that the members of scheduled tribes in
      these areas do not fail to secure a minimal representation because of their inability to compete
      with the advanced sections of the people. The Constitution (fifty-first amendment) Act, though
      formally enforced, could not be fully implemented unless parallel action is taken to determine the
      seats which are to be reserved for Scheduled tribes in these areas. The number of seats reserved
      for Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of any State under article
      332 of the constitution will have to be determined having regard to the provisions of article 332