Agriculture
            Agriculture is the main occupation of 66 per cent of the population. The net cultivated area
      is 164.17 lakh hectare.
      Industry and Minerals
            There were 6,12,338 small scale industries involving a total investment of 7172 crores.
      Under the public sector, mining of limestone, magnesite, coal, rock phosphate, dolomite and
      silicon-sand is carried out. The bulk production of minor and some of the major minerals like
      limestone, silica-sand, magnesite, pyrophyllite and diaspora is mostly with the private sector.
      Important mineral based industries include large cement plants in Sonebhadra.
      Irrigation and Power
            UP Power Corporation, UP State Power Generation and UP Hydel Power Corporation had
      been formed by reorganising UP State Electricity Board. Power is an important input to
      accelerate the process of economic growth.
      Transport
      Roads: The total road length of PWD is 146728 km. This includes 3820 km of national
      highways, 8391 km of state highways, 119726 of other district roads and 134517 km of rural
      roads.
      Railways: Lucknow is the main junction of the northern network. Other important railway
      junctions are Agra, Kanpur, Prayagraj, Mughalsarai, Jhansi, Moradabad, Varanasi, Tundla,
      Gorakhpur, Gonda, Faizabad, Bareilly and Sitapur.
      Aviation: There are airports at Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Prayagraj, Agra, Jhansi, Bareilly,
      Hindon (Ghaziabad), Gorakhpur, Sarsawa (Saharanpur) and Fursatganj (Raebarelli).
      Festivals
            The biggest congregation, perhaps of the world, Kumbha Mela is held at Prayagraj every
      twelfth year and Ardh Kumbh Mela every sixth year. Magh Mela is also held at Prayagraj in
      January when the people come in large numbers to have a dip in the holy Sangam. Among other
      fairs is the fortnight long Jhoola fair of Mathura, Vrindavan and Ayodhya, when dolls are placed
      in gold and silver jhoolas or cradles. A dip in the Ganga on Kartik Poornamasi is supposed to be
      the holiest and there are big congregations at Garhmukteshwar, Soran, Rajghat, Kakora, Bithur,
      Kanpur, Prayagraj, Varanasi and Ayodhya. A famous cattle fair is held at Bateswar in Agra
      district. Dewa in Barabanki district has become famous because of the Muslim saint Waris Ali
      Shah. Besides, important festivals of the Hindus, Muslims, etc., are widely celebrated in the
      state.
      Tourist Centres
            Besides ancient places of pilgrimage like Varanasi, Vindhyachal, Ayodhya, Chitrakoot,
      Prayag, Naimisharanya, Mathura, Vrindavan, Dewa Sharief, Dargah of Sheikh Saleem Chisti in
      Fatehpur Sikri, Sarnath, Shravasti, Kushinagar, Sankisa, Kampil, Piprahwa and Kaushambi,
      places like Agra, Ayodhya, Sarnath, Varanasi, Lucknow, Jhansi, Gorakhpur, Jaunpur, Kannauj,
      Mahoba, Devgarh, Bithur, and Vindhyachal have rich treasures of Hindu and Islamic
      architecture and culture.