under forests, 10.5 per cent is under current fallow lands, 7.7 per cent is under non-agricultural
      uses and 5.4 per cent is under barren and uncultivable land. Net cropped area is 46.54 lakh
      hectares. Agriculture production depends upon the distribution of rainfall. The influence of
      south-west monsoon is predominant.
      Arts and Crafts
           Handicrafts have been an integral part of the state. The region offers many astounding
      handicrafts like bidri crafts, banjara needle crafts, dokra metal crafts, nirmal arts, bronze
      castings, lacquerware, etc. Be it an intricate needle craft or the surprising bronze castings, metal
      craft or the classic stone craft, Telangana has a wide assortment of handicrafts.
           ‘Bathukamma’ is a colourful and vibrant festival and this unique festival of flowers stands
      as a symbol of cultural identity. “Bonalu” is an annual Hindu festival celebrated in the state in
      which Goddess Mahakali is worshipped. Dussehra, Samakka Saarakka Jaathara, Peerla Panduga,
      Ramzan are also largely celebrated in Telangana.
      Relevant Website: www.telangana.gov.in
       Governor                 : E.S.L. Narasimhan       Chief Secretary         : Shailendra Kumar
       Chief Minister           : Kalvakuntla             Jurisdiction of High    : Hyderabad High
                                   Chandrashekar Rao      Court                      Court
       Area                     : 10,486 sq km            Population              : 36.74 lakh (prov.
                                                                                     census 2011)
       Capital                  : Agartala                Principal               : Bengali and
                                                          Languages                  Kokborok
           Tripura has its unique tribal culture and a fascinating folklore. The history of Tripura can be
      learnt from Rajmala chronicles of King Tripura and writings of historians. There are references
      of Tripura even in the Mahabharata and the Puranas. According to Rajmala, the rulers were
      known by the surname Fa meaning father. There is a reference to rulers of Bengal helping
      Tripura kings in the 14th century. Kings of Tripura had to face frequent Mughal invasions with
      varying successes. They defeated the Sultans of Bengal in several battles. Nineteenth century
      marked the beginning of the modern era in Tripura when King Maharaja Bir Chandra Kishore
      Manikya Bahadur modelled his administrative set-up on the British India pattern and brought in
      various reforms. His successors ruled Tripura till 15 October 1949 when the state merged with