under forests, 10.5 per cent is under current fallow lands, 7.7 per cent is under non-agricultural
uses and 5.4 per cent is under barren and uncultivable land. Net cropped area is 46.54 lakh
hectares. Agriculture production depends upon the distribution of rainfall. The influence of
south-west monsoon is predominant.
Arts and Crafts
Handicrafts have been an integral part of the state. The region offers many astounding
handicrafts like bidri crafts, banjara needle crafts, dokra metal crafts, nirmal arts, bronze
castings, lacquerware, etc. Be it an intricate needle craft or the surprising bronze castings, metal
craft or the classic stone craft, Telangana has a wide assortment of handicrafts.
‘Bathukamma’ is a colourful and vibrant festival and this unique festival of flowers stands
as a symbol of cultural identity. “Bonalu” is an annual Hindu festival celebrated in the state in
which Goddess Mahakali is worshipped. Dussehra, Samakka Saarakka Jaathara, Peerla Panduga,
Ramzan are also largely celebrated in Telangana.
Relevant Website: www.telangana.gov.in
Governor : E.S.L. Narasimhan Chief Secretary : Shailendra Kumar
Chief Minister : Kalvakuntla Jurisdiction of High : Hyderabad High
Chandrashekar Rao Court Court
Area : 10,486 sq km Population : 36.74 lakh (prov.
Capital : Agartala Principal : Bengali and
Tripura has its unique tribal culture and a fascinating folklore. The history of Tripura can be
learnt from Rajmala chronicles of King Tripura and writings of historians. There are references
of Tripura even in the Mahabharata and the Puranas. According to Rajmala, the rulers were
known by the surname Fa meaning father. There is a reference to rulers of Bengal helping
Tripura kings in the 14th century. Kings of Tripura had to face frequent Mughal invasions with
varying successes. They defeated the Sultans of Bengal in several battles. Nineteenth century
marked the beginning of the modern era in Tripura when King Maharaja Bir Chandra Kishore
Manikya Bahadur modelled his administrative set-up on the British India pattern and brought in
various reforms. His successors ruled Tripura till 15 October 1949 when the state merged with