Area                   : 114840 sq. km          Population              : 3,51,93,978 (as per
                                                                                  2011 census)
       Capital                : Hyderabad              Principal               : Telugu and Urdu
           In 2014 Telangana was formed as 29th state of India with Hyderabad as its capital. Earlier
      Telangana was part of Andhra State as per the linguistic reorganisation of states in 1956.
      Telangana state has 10 districts including Hyderabad, Adilabad, Khammam, Karimnagar,
      Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal.
      History of Telangana
           The name Telangana refers to the word Trilinga Desa, earned due to the presence of three
      ancient Shiva temples at Kaleswaram, Srisailam and Draksharamam. A more historical reason is
      that during the reign of Nizams the region was known as Telugu Angana to differentiate it from
      the areas where Marathi was spoken. The region has been ruled by great dynasties such as
      Sathavahanas, Kakatiyas, Chalukyas, Mughals, Qutubshahis, Asafjahis. The Kakatiyas
      contributions to architecture are considered very impressive. Among Kakatiyas, Prataparudra
      was a great ruler who ruled till AD 1323. The Satavahanas ruled Telangana region for about 400
      years right from the 2nd century BC to beyond the 2nd century AD.
           There have been several movements to revoke the merger of Telangana and Andhra, major
      ones occurred in 1969, 1972 and 2009. The movement for a new state of Telangana gained
      momentum over the decades. In 2009 the Government of India announced the process of
      formation of the Telangana. Violent protests led by people in the Coastal Andhra and
      Rayalaseema regions occurred immediately after the announcement, and the decision was put on
      hold in December, 2009. The movement continued in Hyderabad and other districts of
      Telangana. There have been large scale strikes, protests and demonstrations coupled with many
      suicides also demanding separate statehood.
           In July, 2013 the process of formation of a separate state gained momentum. After various
      stages, the Bill was placed in the Parliament and in February, 2014 Andhra Pradesh
      Reorganization Bill was passed by the Parliament for the formation of Telangana state
      comprising ten districts from north-western Andhra Pradesh.
           Telangana is situated on the Deccan plateau in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of
      the Indian Peninsula. It covers 114,800 sq km (44,300 sq miles). The region is drained by two
      major rivers, with about 79 per cent of the Godavari river catchment area and about 69 per cent
      of the Krishna river catchment area, but most of the land is arid due to higher elevation of most
      of the state compared to rivers. Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such as the
      Bhima, the Manjeera and the Musi. The state is surrounded by Maharashtra on north and north-
      west; Karnataka on the west; Chhattisgarh on the north-east and Odisha lies on its west.
           Rice is the major food crop of the state. Other important crops are tobacco, mango, cotton
      and sugarcane. The major kharif coarse cereals maize, jowar, bajra, ragi are produced in the
      state. Out of the total geographical area 40.5 per cent is under net area sown, 23.9 per cent is