Limboo, Sikkimese
      History and Geography
           The early history of Sikkim starts in the 13th century with the signing of a blood-
      brotherhood treaty between the Lepcha Chieftain Thekong Tek and Bhutia Chieftain Khye-
      Bumsa at Kabi Lungtsok in North Sikkim. This follows the historic visit of three revered Lamas
      to Yuksam in 1641 in West Sikkim where they consecrated Phuntsog Namgyal, a sixth
      generation descendant of Khye-Bumsa as the first Chogyal of Sikkim, thus heralding the
      beginning of the Namgyal dynasty in Sikkim. With the march of history, events in Sikkim saw
      the process of democratisation and became an integral part of the Indian Union in 1975. Sikkim,
      the land blessed by Guru Padmasambhava during his sojourn to Tibet in 8th century, are
      inhabited by people from different communities and live in total harmony. Sikkim is perhaps the
      most peaceful state of the Indian Union to promote communal harmony, a feat which is much to
      be expected in a plural society like India.
           The world’s third highest mountain, Khangchendzonga, is regarded as the guardian deity of
      Sikkim. Sikkim is one of the 18 biodiversity hotspots in the world. More than 5000 species of
      angiosperms are found in the state, nearly one third of the total species of angiosperms are found
      in the country. There are over 4,500 species of flowering plants, 362 species of ferns and allies,
      over 550 species of wild orchids, atleast 36 species of rhododendrons besides many variations
      and wild natural hybrids, 11 species of oaks, 30 species of primulas, 28 bamboos, over 700
      species of butterflies, probably thrice as many moths, at least 48 species of freshwater fish,
      around 50 species of amphibians, over 80 reptiles, 600 species of birds and around 150 species of
      mammals in the state.
           Rare and globally threatened snow leopard, Tibetan argali sheep, red panda, as well as
      highest altitude domesticated bovid, the yak, black-necked crane and fairrieanum orchid are
      some of the important species found here.
           Situated in the eastern Himalayas, Sikkim is one of the most beautiful states of the Indian
      Union. It is home to the third highest mountain in the world, Mt. Khangchendzonga which is also
      worshipped as the guardian deity. It is adorned with snowy mountains, luxuriant forests with
      exotic flora and fauna, pristine waterfalls, sacred lakes, holy caves, medicinal hot-springs,
      cascading rivers and gentle streams making it a tourist destination for all seasons. An interlace of
      mixed culture of various communities residing here, the state celebrates festivals and activities of
      each other with grand fervour. There are tours for everyone, from those seeking solitude for
      meditation to the adventurous or those seeking leisure holiday. For the more adventurous there is
      trekking in the mountains, river rafting, bird watching, mountain biking, rock climbing,
      paragliding and angling as well as the mountain flights for experiencing the snow clad
           In the agriculture sector, the state has made immense breakthrough with the introduction of
      crops like baby corn, sweet corn, etc., bringing manifold increase in income to the farming
      community. Focus is on crops which can grow under moisture stress conditions and which have
      high global demands of the likes of buckwheat, millet and such other cereals.