the survival of the trees planted under which mass afforestation and maintenance activities have
been taken up every year. 4700 hectares of plantation have also been created under the National
Due to hilly nature of the state, all irrigation projects are confined to minor irrigation. As per
estimation of Mizoram Remote Sensing Application Centre, the total Wet Rice Cultivation
potential area is 74,644 ha. So far, 439 minor irrigation projects covering 18,228 ha command
area have been completed. 25 new minor irrigation projects are proposed to be cover during
2016-17 which will cover an area of 1,117.90 ha. and create an irrigation potential of 1656 ha.
The proposed projects will benefit 791 of farmers covering different parts of the state.
Due to its topographical and geographical disadvantages coupled with underdeveloped
infrastructure and transport bottleneck, growth in industry is very modest. However, with the
opening up of border trade with Myanmar and Bangladesh, the ‘Look/Act East Policy’ of the
Government of India and the peaceful condition of the state, industrialization is gaining
Small industries dominate the industrial scenario acquiring prominent place in the socio-
economic development of the state. With the objectives of promoting industries in rural areas,
the state government has been running two commonly facility centre and one Regional Industrial
Development Corporation (RIDC) with an intake of 35 trainers.
Scientific cultivation of tea has also been taken up. Establishment of apparel training and
design centre, gems cutting and polishing are in the pipeline to encourage setting up of Export
Oriented Units (EOUs). Of the cottage industries, handloom and handicraft are given high
priority and the two sectors are nourishing to meet consumers’ demand in the state and in
neighbouring states of Maghalaya, Nagaland, etc.
As per the 18th Power Survey of India, the bulk power requirement of Mizoram is 201 MW
and the allocated share is 103.09 MW (real time power availability is normally 60 MW). Per
capita consumption is 280 kWh. The present peak demand is 102 MW but the state generates
only about 15 MW from the installed capacity of 29.35 MW. The rest of the requirement has to
be imported from various sources like Loktak, Ranganadi, etc from central sector utilities like
NEEPCO, NHPC, NTPC, etc.
Road: Road serves as the most important means of communication, transportation of goods and
passengers within the state, inter-state and with international borders. Total road length in the
state is 6349.60 km and road density is 300012 km/100 sq km approximately. There are six
national highways passing through the length and breadth of Mizoram. NH 54 connects Aizawl
with the rest of the country through Silchar, Assam. Aizawl is also accessible by road from
Shillong and Guwahati.
Railways: Broad gauge rail link has been established in Bairabi, Mizoram near Assam border.
Aviation: The airport at Lengpui is connected by flights to and from Kolkata, Imphal and