The Mizos came under the influence of the British Missionaries in the 19th century. Now
      most of the Mizos are Christians. Mizo language has no script of its own. The missionaries
      introduced the Roman script for the Mizo language and formal education.
           About 60 per cent of the people of the state are engaged in agricultural and allied activities.
      The main pattern of the agriculture followed is jhum or shifting cultivation. Of the total 21 per
      cent is put on paddy/seasonal crops. About 63 per cent of the total crop area is under jhum
      cultivation. To replace the destructive and unproductive jhum cultivation with sustainable means
      of occupation, the state government has launched an innovative programme called the New Land
      Use Policy covering all the districts. The area under Jhum cultivation has decreased from 44,947
      hectare at the beginning of 11th Plan to 20,064 hectare during 2014-15 which account for above
      55.36 per cent reduction. The significant reduction in jhum area is mainly due to the
      implementation of NLUP, oil palm development programme, sugarcane cultivation programme,
      RKVY, and RAD.
           Owing to the fact that more than 60 per cent of the population depends on land based
      activities for their livelihoods, horticulture plays a vital role and occupies very important place in
      the economy of Mizoram. Because of its advantageous agro-climatic condition, hilly terrain
      nature of the landscape and well distributed rainfall during monsoon season horticulture is a
      sustainable land based activities for development of the economy. Out of the estimated total of
      21 lakh hectare of land 6.30 lakh hectare is available for cultivation of horticulture crops. The
      main horticulture crops are mandarin orange, banana, passion fruit, grapes, hatkora, pineapple,
      papaya, etc. and flowers like anthurium, bird of paradise, orchid, chrysanthemum, rose and other
      subsidiary seasonal flowers. Spices like ginger, turmeric, black pepper, bird’s eye chillies are
      also grown. A multi-purpose packaging house has been set up at the Horticulture Centre, Chite in
      collaboration with M/s Argos (Agri Projects) Ltd., Israel.
           Floriculture was a growing occupation in Mizoram. Cultivation of anthurium was
      introduced in 2002 and today anthurium cut flowers are exported outside the state and overseas
      market. Commercial cultivation of rose under hi-tech green house was introduced in 2006 and
      about 10,000 rose cut flowers are being harvested everyday.
           Mizoram has one of the highest forest cover among the states of India. India State of Forest
      Report-2015 indicated that about 91.47 per cent of the state’s total geographical area is under
      forests cover. Tropical semi evergreen, tropical moist deciduous, subtropical broadleaved hill
      and subtropical pine forests are the common vegetation types found. Bamboo resources covers
      around 31per cent (about 6446 of its geographical area and as many as 35 species of
      bamboo have been identified in the state of which Melocanna baccifera (mautak) contributes
      about 77 per cent of the total bamboo coverage.
           Jhum cultivation, or slash-and-burn practice, was a historic tradition and a threat to its forest
      cover. This practice is reduced in recent decades from a government supported initiative
      particularly New Land Use Policy of the state.
           The popular and effective Green Mizoram Programme has been continuing with stress on