of Union Territories Act, 1963. The status of administrator was raised from that of a Chief
      Commissioner to that of a Lt. Governor in December, 1969. Manipur became a full-fledged state
      in 1972 with a Legislative Assembly of 60 members of whom 19 are reserved for Scheduled
      Tribes and one for Scheduled Castes. The state is represented in the Lok Sabha by two members
      and by one member in the Rajya Sabha.
            The state is situated in the extreme north-eastern border of the country. It is bound on the
      east by upper Myanmar, on the north by Nagaland, on the west by Cachar district of Assam and
      on the south by Chin hills of Myanmar and Mizoram. Manipur has a total border line of about
      854 km of which about 352 km are international boundary line with Myanmar on the east and
      southeast. This state is in a geographically unique position, since it virtually is the meeting point
      between India and South-East Asia. Manipur lies between 23.80° N and 25.68° N latitude and
      between 93.03° E and 94.78° E longitude.
            The state has a total area of 22,327 sq. km. There is a small oval shaped plain in the central
      part. This central plain known as Imphal Valley is at a height of about 790 metres above Mean
      Sea Level (MSL). This valley is surrounded by hills on all sides. The hill covers about 9/10 of
      the total area of the state. The hill ranges are higher on the north and gradually diminish in height
      towards the south. The valley itself slopes down towards the south.
            Agriculture and allied activities are the only mainstay of the state’s economy where about
      70 per cent of the population depends on it. The state has two topographical zones — valley and
      hills. The valley is known as the ‘Rice Bowl’ of the state. The valley has sub-tropical to tropical
      to sub-temperate climates. The hills have sub-temperate to temperate climate with an average
      altitude of 3000 metres above MSL. It has distinct winter, warm, humid and rainy summer. The
      average rainfall during the last ten years has been recorded 1482.20 mm, with heavy
      precipitation during the month of June, July and August. The growth of agriculture in the state
      has been quite uneven for the reason that its production still depends on seasonal rainfall.
            In terms of forest canopy density classes, it has 701 sq. km of very dense forests, 5474 sq.
      km. moderately dense forests and 11,105 sq. km open forests.
            Major and medium irrigation projects had been introduced in the state. So far 8 (eight)
      major and medium irrigation and multipurpose projects have been taken up of which 5 projects
      viz. Loktak Lift Irrigation Project, Khoupum Dam Project, Imphal Barrage Project, Sekmai
      Barrage Project and Singda Multipurpose Project have been completed.
      Commerce and Industries
            The handloom industry is by far the largest and most important cottage industry. It improves
      the socio-economic conditions of handloom weavers and has attained high degree of excellence.
      As per the 3rd National Handloom Census of Weavers and Allied Workers 2010, Manipur
      topped in distribution of handloom workers. There are 218,753 handloom workers (200,607
      weavers, 18, 146 workers) which is 4th position among the top states of the country, 1,90,634
      looms which is 3rd position and consuming 186,703 kg of yarn KVIC/ private owners. Manipur