crisis is the prime obstacle to start new initiatives in the industrial field. Kerala is a power deficit
      state which imports 60 per cent of power from other states. A major achievement is that it has
      achieved full electrification in all villages.
      Transport
            Transport sector plays a pivotal role in the overall development of the country which
      enables social, cultural and trade development between countries. Transport infrastructure
      consists of fixed installations, roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals, pipelines and
      terminals. Kerala holds a good transport system. The roads are maintained by National Highway
      Authority, public works department, local bodies, Department of Irrigation, Kerala State
      Electricity Board, Department of Forest, railways, etc.
      Port Sector: Kerala lies in the south west corner of the Indian peninsula. It has a coastal length of
      585 km and has an average width of about 60 km with one major port at Kochi and 17 minor
      ports. The geographical location of the state is very close to international shipping route. There
      are 17 minor ports, out of which 3 are considered as intermediate ports based on berthing, cargo
      handling and storage facilities available in them. These have contributed much to the
      development of industry, trade, commerce and agriculture in the country.
      Railways: Railways are essentially the cause for industrial upsurge in the nation and it still
      remained the largest employment provider for the huge population of the country. The total
      railway route in Kerala has a length of 1257 km and covers 13 railway routes.
      Air Transport: Kerala has three airports at Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode, handling
      both international and domestic flights. Thiruvananthapuram and Kozhikode airports are owned
      by Government of India and Kochi airport is owned by Kochi International Airport Ltd., a
      company set up by Government of Kerala with public private participation.
      Festivals
            Kerala is the home of many colourful festivals. Onam is the most typical of festivals which
      coincides with the harvest season. It is now celebrated on astronomical New Year Day.
      Navarathri is celebrated as Saraswathi Pooja. Maha Shivarathri is celebrated on the banks of
      Periyar river as a spectacular festival which is compared to Kumbhamela. The 41-day festival,
      which coincides with Makaravilakku in Sabarimala Ayyappan Temple, attracts lakhs of people
      from India and abroad. The Vallamkali or boat race is typical of Kerala. All the boat festivals
      have a religious origin except Nehru Trophy Boat Race conducted in the Punnamada Lake.
      Thrissur celebrates Pooram festival in April - May every year with an impressive procession of
      caparisoned elephants and display of unparalleled pyrotechnics. Main Christian festivals are
      Christmas and Easter. Mormon Convention held every year on the Pumba riverbed is the biggest
      gathering of Christians in Asia. The Muslims celebrate Milade Shareef, Ramzan Id-ul-Fitr and
      Bakrid.
      Tourism
            Kerala, located on the south western tip of India, enjoys unique geographical features that
      have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in the world. Fondly referred to as
      “God’s Own Country”, Kerala was selected by the National Geographic Traveller as one of the
      50 destinations of a lifetime and one of the thirteen paradises in the world. Its unique ecotourism
      initiatives, culture and traditions coupled with its varied demography has made Kerala one of the