Dam), Chandrapura Bird Sanctuary, Jawaharlal Nehru Zoological Garden (Bokaro), Tenughat
      Bird Sanctuary, Dalma WildLife Sanctuary (Jamshedpur), Tata Steel Zoological Park
      (Jamshedpur), Palkote Wildlife Sanctuary (Gumla), Bhagwan Birsa Zoological Gardens
      (Ranchi), Birsa Deer Sanctuary (Kalmati Ranchi), Betla National Park (Palamau), Ranchi
      Aquarium (Ranchi), Hazaribagh National Park, Tatoloi Hot Water Stream (Dumka) and Saranda
           Apart from this, Jharkhand has some famous temples like, Jharkhand Dham, Langta Baba
      Temple/Majar, Bindhvashini Temple, Masanjore Dam, etc.
      Relevant Website: www.jharkhand.gov.in
       Governor                : Draupadi Murmu          Chief Secretary       : Sudhir Tripathy
       Chief Minister          : Raghubar Das            Jurisdiction of High  : Jharkhand
       Area                    : 1,91,791 sq km          Population            : 6.11 crore (prov.
                                                                                  census 2011)
       Capital                 : Bengaluru               Principal Language    : Kannada
      History and Geography
           Karnataka has a recorded history of more than 2,000 years. Apart from its subjection to the
      rule of Nandas, Mauryas and the Satavahanas, Karnataka came to have indigenous dynasties like
      the Kadambas of Banavasi and the Gangas from the middle of the 4th century AD. The world
      renowned Gomateshwara monolith at Shravanabelagola was installed by a Ganga minister
      Chavundaraya. The colossal rock cut image of Sri Gomateshwara is the most magnificent among
      all Jaina works of art. Numerous visitors arrive at Shravanabelagola to gaze at this and other
      monuments. The Chalukyas of Badami (500-735 AD) reigned over a wider area, from Narmada
      to the Kaveri from the days of Pulikeshi II (609-642 AD) who even defeated the mighty
      Harshavardhana of Kanauj. This dynasty created fine, everlasting and the most beautiful
      monuments at Badami, Aihole and Pattadakal, both structural and rock-cut. Aihole has been one
      of the cradles of temple architecture in the country. The Rashtrakutas (753-973 AD) of Malkhed
      who succeeded them heaped tributes on the rulers of Kanauj successively in the so-called ‘Age
      of Imperial Kanauj’. Kannada literature developed during this period. Outstanding Jain scholars
      of India lived in their court. The Chalukyas of Kalyana (973 to 1189 AD) and their feudatories,
      the Hoysalas of Halebidu built exquisite temples, encouraged literature and various fine arts.
      Noted jurist Vijnaneshwara (work: Mitakshara) lived at Kalyana. The great religious leader
      Basaveshwara was a minister at Kalyana. Vijayanagar empire (1336-1646) patronised and
      fostered indigenous traditions and encouraged arts, religion and literature in Sanskrit, Kannada,
      Telugu and Tamil. Overseas trade flourished. The Bahamani Sultans (Capital: Gulbarga, later