Commission, the Government of India, while reorganizing Punjab into two separate states of
Punjab and Haryana decided to integrate the Punjab hill areas of the districts of Kangra, Shimla,
Kullu and Lahaul-Spiti, Nalagarh area of Ambala district, parts of Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur
district, and of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur district with Himachal Pradesh. The integration
came about on November 1, 1966 and Himachal’s territorial area increased to 55,673 sq.km. The
new state was inaugurated in Shimla in 1971. With this, emergence of Himachal Pradesh as the
eighteenth state of the Indian Union.
Agriculture provides direct employment to about 70 per cent of the main working
population of the state. Income from agriculture and allied sectors accounts for nearly 22.1 per
cent of the total state domestic product. Out of the total geographical area of 55, 673 sq. km.,
area of operational holding is about 9.79 lakh hectares.
The agro-climatic conditions in the state are congenial for the production of cash crops like
seed potato, off-season vegetables and ginger. In order to increase the production of food grains,
emphasis has been laid on distribution of seeds of high yielding varieties to the farmers.
“Mukhya Mantri Jaivik Kheti Purskar Yojna” has been started to boost the morale of the farmers.
Himachal Pradesh has bagged “Krishi Karmanya Puraskar” on national level for the consecutive
years in 2014-2015 and 2015-2016. For the welfare of farmers, 2,061 bank branches in the state
are implementing Kisan Credit Card Scheme. “Mukhya Mantri Khet Sanrakshan Yojna” was
launched to protect the farms from wild animals by providing solar fencing. Subsidy on anti-hail
nets has been increased from 50 per cent to 80 per cent.
Himachal Pradesh is called the “Fruit Bowl” of the country. Horticulture plays an important
role in the agrarian economy. Over 2.27 lakh hectare area has been brought under fruit
cultivation and fruit production has reached 10.28 lakh MT. The state has favourable climatic
conditions to produce a variety of fruits such as apple, pear, peach, plum, apricot, mango, litchi,
guava, strawberry and citrus fruits. For protection of horticulture crops from hailstorms, 15,
51,813 sq. meter area has been brought under anti-hail nets. The Horticulture Technology
Mission is being implemented for the integrated development of horticulture. This Mission is
based on the “End To End Approach” taking into account the entire gamut of horticulture
development with all backward and forward linkages in a holistic manner. To ensure
remunerative prices in apple, mango and citrus fruits produce to the farmers, state government
has starting marketing intervention scheme.
Being a hilly state, the roads are very important and main mode of communication for the
people. There were only 288 km of roads in the state at time of its formation in the year in 1948.
The state government has constructed 36,256 km of motorable road till December, 2016.
“Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna” has shown remarkable progress in the state. “Mukhya
Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna” has also been implemented to provide last mile connectivity to