The first state in the country to have achieved hundred per cent rural electrification way
back in 1970, Haryana is well on way to becoming power surplus from a power deficit state.
Haryana is emerging as an education hub and shaping into a modernday Takshila and
Nalanda. Making elementary education available at reachable distance to all children and
opening a large number of institutes of higher learning, offering global standard education, the
state is moving fast on the road to becoming a modern hub of education. According to 2011
census, the literacy rate in Haryana is 76.64 per cent against the all-India literacy rate of 74.04
per cent. Haryana’s female literacy rate is 66.77 per cent and male literacy rate is 85.38 per cent.
The rural population is served by primary schools within a radius of 1.01 km, middle schools
within a radius of 1.17 km, high schools within a radius of 1.45 km, and senior secondary
schools within a radius of 2.10 km.
The investment and industry-friendly policies pursued by the state government have made
Haryana the cynosure of all investing eyes and put the state on threshold of industrial revolution.
Haryana today is the largest producer of passenger cars, tractors, motorcycles, bicycles,
refrigerators, scientific instruments, etc. Besides, it is the largest exporter of basmati rice. Panipat
handlooms and carpets are known all over the world besides its tasty panchranga pickle.
Healthcare has been made both affordable and reachable by setting up a state-wide network
of district and sub-divisional hospitals. These are being beefed up with staff and equipment and
deficiencies in referral services are being removed. The state-wide network of health centres
includes 56 hospitals, 109 community health centres, 467 primary health centres, 2,630 sub-
centres, 15 district TB centres, 639 ayurvedic, homeopathy and unani centres, 90 urban RCH
centres are functioning.
Out of the 85 proposals for setting up IT/cyber parks in the state, recommended by the
committee constituted for the purpose, 35 companies have been granted licences by the town and
country planning department.
Road and rail transport are the main carriers of passenger traffic in Haryana with aviation
too playing a small role. It is one state where all villages are linked with metalled roads. The
length of the roads in the state is more than 35,303 km.
Railways also play an important role in carrying both interstate and intrastate passengers.
Kalka, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Rohtak, Jind, Hisar and Jakhal are important railway
stations. There is a railway workshop at Jagadhari. Aviation too plays its role. There are civil
aerodromes at Pinjore, Karnal, Hisar, Bhiwani and Narnaul.