Governor : Mridula Sinha Chief Secretary : Dharmendra Sharma
Chief Minister : Manohar Parrikar Jurisdiction of : Goa Bench of
High Court Bombay
Area : 1,96,024 sq km Population : 60,439,692 (prov.
Capital : Gandhinagar Principal Language : Gujarati
History and Geography
The history of Gujarat goes back to 2000 BC. It is believed that Lord Krishna left Mathura
to settle in the west coast of Saurashtra which later came to be known as Dwarka. Later it
witnessed various kingdoms as Mauryas, Guptas and others. It was during the rule of Chalukyas
(Solankis) that Gujarat witnessed progress and prosperity. In spite of the plundering of Mahmud
Ghazni, the Chalukya kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well being. After this
glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British rule.
Before independence, the present territories of Gujarat used to be in two parts - the British and
the Princely territories. With the reorganization of the states, the Union of the States of
Saurashtra and the Union Territory of Kachchh along with the former British Gujarat became a
part of the biggest bilingual State of Bombay. Gujarat officially formed as a state in May 1960. It
is situated on the west coast of India. The state is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west,
Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and north-east respectively, Madhya Pradesh in the south-
east and Maharashtra in the south.
In order to boost agricultural growth and to further improve it, the state government
celebrated 2014-15 as krishi vikas varsh. ‘Krishi Mahotsav’ is being organized every year to
make farmers aware of modern technologies and methods of scientific farming. Gujarat is the
major producer of cotton, groundnut and tobacco and provides inputs for important industries
like textiles, oil and soap. Other important cash crops are paddy, wheat and bajra.
Gujarat has become the first state in the country to come with a solar policy in 2009, with a
view to give boost to the solar energy sector. Installed capacity of this project is about 400 MW.
Road network plays a crucial role in the development of the state. As a novel approach, the
state government has involved private sector in the building of a sound road network. With a
view to meet up the needs of increasing population, BRTS facility has been started in
Ahmedabad for speedy commuting.