Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh and western Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh
in the south. Area-wise, Chhattisgarh is the ninth largest state and population-wise it is
seventeenth populous state of the nation.
Total geographical area of the state is 137.90 lakh ha. out of which arable land is about
47.70 lakh ha. Area under kharif crop is around 47.60 lakh ha. and rabi is 16.61 lakh ha.
The main kharif crop of this region is paddy which is about 76 per cent of total kharif crops.
Apart from it other main crops grown here are maize, soyabean, groundnut, urdbean and pigeon
pea. Similarly main rabi crops grown here are wheat, gram, lathyrus, mustard and linseed.
The agro climate zones of Chhattisgarh are three viz., Northern Hill Zone, Chhattisgarh
Plain and Plateau of Baster. The average annual rainfall of this area is about 1307.3 mm.
Irrigation and Power
When the state came into being, the total irrigation capacity was 13.28 lakh hectares which
has 23 per cent of total sown area which has now increased to 18.44 lakh hectares which is 33.15
per cent of total sown area.
Chhattisgarh has the perfect geological set up to host a number of economically crucial
minerals. Large deposits of coal, iron ore, limestone, bauxite and dolomite are found in various
parts of the state. Districts of north Chhattisgarh such as Surguja, Raigarh, Koriya and Bilaspur
are known for huge coal deposits.
The economy is largely natural resource driven and it leverages the state’s rich mineral
resources. The key sectors where Chhattisgarh has a competitive advantage include cement,
mining, steel, aluminium and power. One of the most mineral-rich states in India, Chhattisgarh
provides a lucrative opportunity for cement production at the most competitive prices.
Roads: The total length of the roads in the state under PWD is 31803 km. The length of national
highway is 2226 km; state highways 5240 km 10,539.80 km; main district roads; and 13798 km
other district and rural roads. The length of roads in Chhattisgarh has increased from 17.75 km to
21.40 km per 100 km.
Railways: Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Rajnandgaon, Raigarh and Korba are important railway
Chhattisgarh, situated in the heart of India, is endowed with a rich cultural heritage and
attractive natural diversity. The state is full of ancient monuments, rare wildlife species, carved
temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, waterfalls, caves, rock paintings and geographical formations.
Relevant Website: www.cgstate.gov.in