States and Union Territories
      Andhra Pradesh
       Area       : 1,60,200 sq. km       Population           : 4.9 crore (as per prov. census 2011)
       Capital : Hyderabad                Principal Languages  : Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, Banjara
           THE earliest mention of the Andhras is said to be in Aitereya Brahmana (2000 BC). It
      indicates that the Andhras, originally an Aryan race living in north India migrated to south of the
      Vindhyas and later mixed with non-Aryans. Regular history of Andhra Desa,according to
      historians, begins with 236 BC, the year of Ashoka’s death. During the following centuries,
      Satavahanas, Sakas,Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, and Kakatiyas ruled the Telugu country.
      Other dynasties that ruled over the area in succession were the kingdoms of Vijayanagar and
      Qutub Shahi followed by Mir Qumruddin and his successors, known as the Nizams. Gradually,
      from the 17th century onwards, the British annexed territories of the Nizam and constituted the
      single province of Madras. After Independence, Telugu-speaking areas were separated from the
      composite Madras Presidency and a new Andhra State came into being on 1st October 1953.
      With the passing of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, there was a merger of Hyderabad State
      and Andhra State, and consequently Andhra Pradesh came into being on 1 November 1956.
           Andhra Pradesh is situated on the country’s southeastern coast. It is the eighth largest state
      in the country covering an area of 160,205 sq. km. According to 2011 census, the state is tenth
      largest by population, with 49,386,799 inhabitants.
           The state has the second longest coastline of 974 km (605 mi) among all the states of India,
      second only to Gujarat. It borders Telangana in the north west, Chhattisgarh in the north, Odisha
      in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south and water body of Bay of
      Bengal in the east. A small enclave of 30 of a district of Puducherry, lies in the Godavari
      delta to the north east of the state.
      Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014
           Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 commonly called Telangana Act is an Act of
      Indian Parliament proclaiming the bifurcation of the Andhra Pradesh into two states, Telangana
      and residuary Andhra Pradesh. The Act consists of all aspects of division of assets and liabilities,
      finalize the boundaries of the proposed new states and status of Hyderabad.
           Agriculture is the main occupation of about 62 per cent of the people in the state. Rice is a
      major food crop and staple food contributing about 77 per cent of the foodgrain production.
      Other important crops are jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, small millets, pulses, castor, tobacco, cotton
      and sugarcane. Forests cover 23 per cent of the state’s area. Important forest products are teak,
      eucalyptus, cashew, casuarina, bamboo, softwood, etc.