The Sports Authority of India (SAI) was established in 1984 as a registered society
      primarily to ensure effective maintenance and optimum utilization of the sports infrastructure
      that was built in Delhi during ASIAD, 1982. It is now the nodal agency in the country for
      broadbasing sports and for training of sports persons to achieve excellence in national and
      international sports. The Society for National Institute of Physical Education and Sports
      (SNIPES) was merged with SAI in 1987. Subsequently Netaji Subhash National Institute of
      Sports (NSNIS), Patiala and its allied centres at Bengaluru, Kolkata and Gandhinagar, and
      Lakshmibai National College of Physical Education at Thiruvananthapuram came under SAI. It
      has now regional centres at Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Kolkata, Sonepat, Bhopal, Imphal,
      Chandigarh and Lucknow. SAI also operates a High Altitude Training Center (HATC) at
      Shillaroo (HP). SAI operates various schemes at sub-junior, junior and senior levels, namely,
      National Sports Talent Contest (NSTC), Army Boys Sports Company (ABSC), SAI Training
      Centres (STC) and Special Area Games to achieve excellence at national and international level.
      SAI has also set up centres of excellence for elite sportspersons at each of its regional centres and
      one at the National Institute of Sports, Patiala. With a view to promote sports on single discipline
      basis, National Sports Academies have been set up by SAI, in collaboration with the National
      Sports Federations to attract sports talent in the respective sports discipline in the age group of
      14-25 years. The Scheme envisages modern training centres having state of the art sports
      facilities, equipment, requisite sports science infrastructure as well as qualified personnel to meet
      the daily requirement of the trainees.
            For optimum utilization of its five stadia which were renovated at substantial cost for
      Commonwealth Games, 2010, Sports Authority of India introduced ‘Come and Play Scheme’ in
      2011. The designated areas in the SAI stadia viz., Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Dr. Karni Singh
      Shooting Ranges, Dr. SPM Swimming Pool Complex, Major Dhyan Chand Hockey Stadium and
      Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium (Gymnastics, Wrestling and Cycling Velodrome) were thrown
      open in 2011 for both imparting professional training to establish sportspersons and also to
      beginners with the objective of encouraging participation in sports and for optimum utilization of
      stadia.
            After the successful launch of the Scheme in Delhi, SAI launched the ‘Come and Play
      Scheme’ in all its centres spread across the country from 2011 with the objective of encouraging
      the local youth to use the sports facilities available at these centres and to impart coaching,
      primarily to the beginners, to encourage participation in sports.
      Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education
            The Institute was established initially as a college in 1957, the centenary year of the first
      war of Independence. The University is located at Gwalior, where Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi
      had laid down her life for the country’s freedom struggle. In recognition of the services rendered
      in the field of physical education and sports by the Institute, it was upgraded to a “Deemed
      University” in 1995. The Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE) is fully
      funded by the Government of India. The Institute offers the following full time courses: (1)
      Bachelor of Physical Education (BPE) (4 year degree course), (2) Master of Physical Education
      (MPE) (2 year course), (3) M. Phil in Physical Education (1 year course) and (4) Ph.D in
      Physical Education. Apart from these, following certificate, diploma and post-graduate courses
      are also being conducted by the Institute: (a) adventure sports, (b) special sports, (c) youth
      affairs, (d) information technology, (e) sports coaching, (f) yoga and alternate therapies, (g)