providing a package of services is based primarily on the consideration that the overall impact
will be much larger if the different services develop in an integrated manner as the efficacy of a
particular service depends upon the support it receives from related services. These services are
provided through 14 lakhs sanctioned Anganwadis spread across the country. Sections 4, 5, 6
and 7 of the National Food Security Act are applicable to the ICDS as these Sections make a
provision for providing nutritious food to the children including malnourished children and
pregnant and lactating mothers. As per the provisions of the Act, the Rules for providing SNP
under the ICDS were notified in 2017.
Improving Anganwadi Infrastructure
The Government is committed to repositioning the Anganwadi Centre (AWC) as a vibrant
early childhood development centre to become the first village outpost for health, nutrition and
early learning. Towards this end, several steps have been taken for improvement and
strengthening of ICDS scheme covering programmatic, management and institutional areas.
In pursuance of the provisions contained in the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013,
the Ministry has notified the (under the Integrated Child Development Scheme Rules, 2017) in
2017 to regulate the entitlement specified under provisions of said Act for every pregnant woman
and lactating mother till 6 months after child birth, and every child in the age group of 6 months
to 6 years (including those suffering from malnutrition) for 300 days in a year, as per the
nutritional standards specified in Schedule II of the said Act. In case of non-supply of the entitled
quantities of foodgrains or meals to entitled persons, such persons shall be entitled to receive
such food security allowance from the concerned state government, within such time and manner
as may be prescribed by the central government.
MWCD implementing International Development Association (IDA) assisted in 162 high
burden districts of 8states inthe country covering 3.68 lakh Anganwadi Centres with the
following project development objective: (i) to strengthen the Integrated Child Development
Services (ICDS) policy framework, systems and capacities, and facilitate community
engagement, to ensure greater focus on children under three years of age; (ii) to strengthen
convergent actions for improved nutrition outcomes. One of the key activities in ICDS System’s
Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP) is Information and Communication
Technology enabled Real Time Monitoring (ICT-RTM) of ICDS. It intends to leverage ICT to
set up a real time monitoring system for improving the service delivery mechanism and ensuring
better supervision of ICDS Scheme by deploying a mobile solution driven by a customized
ICDS-Common Application Software (ICDS-CAS) at the Anganwadi Centres in selected states.
A memorandum of co-operation was signed with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to
support the design, development and deployment of Common Application Software (CAS) to
drive the IT enabled Real Time Monitoring of ICDS and Support System. Accordingly, a
customised Common Application software (ICDS-CAS) has been developed.
Scheme for Adolescent Girls
Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) was introduced in 2010-11 and is operational in 205
selected districts across the country. It aims at all-round on pilot basis development of adolescent