The Ministry is re-engineering its educational schemes with the objective of providing
      adequate educational infrastructure for STs and incentive for education for ST children through
      scholarships. This is intended to be achieved through convergence of schemes of line ministries
      along with simplification of process for availing scholarships and also through technological aids
      in improving learning activities. As needs vary from state to state, the proposed new scheme is
      expected to give flexibility to each state/UT. In the proposed Umbrella Scheme, the following
      schemes have been merged: (a) establishing and strengthening of ashram schools; (b)
      establishing and strengthening of hostels; (c) vocational training in tribal areas; (d) pre-matric
      and post-matric scholarship.
      Overseas Scholarships
            The Scheme of National Overseas Scholarships (NOS) for ST students has been revised.
      The Scheme is providing scholarship to students selected for pursuing higher studies abroad for
      post-graduation, Ph. D and post-doctoral research programmes. It has been revised to make it
      more beneficial for ST students.
            To expand the scope of field of study, the number of awards has been increased from
      existing 15 to 20. In order to make the Scheme more inclusive, out of total 20 awards, 3 have
      been earmarked for Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) and 30 per cent awards for
      girl candidates. Now with the inclusion of more subjects into it and reorganizing field of study
      by grouping various subjects under broad based fields, more ST students would be benefited as
      the number of subjects has increased from 35 to 52. Earlier the eligibility criteria was 60 per cent
      marks, now it has been reduced to 55 per cent so as to enable a larger number of ST students to
      become eligible to apply for the scholarships. The maximum income celling has been increased
      to ₹ 6 lakhs per annum. However, all other parameters being same, preference is given to
      students with lower income. Similarly, financial assistance, equipment allowance and includental
      journey expenses have been increased to 10 per cent keeping in view the inflation rates.
      Welfare of Other Backward Classes
            The Second Backward Classes Commission (commonly known as Mandal Commission),
      constituted under Article 340, submitted its report in 1980. In the light of this report, the
      Government of India provided 27 per cent reservation in central government posts for persons
      belonging to the socially and economically backward classes, (also referred to as “Other
      Backward Classes” or OBCs). The Government in 1993 reserved 27 per cent of vacancies in
      civil posts and services under the Central Government, to be filled through direct recruitment in
      favour of the Other Backward Classes (OBCs). With the amendment of Article 15 of the
      Constitution in 2006 and the enactment of the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in
      Admissions) Act in 2007, listing of other backward classes has become relevant for admission in
      central educational institutions also. Under this Act, OBC students are entitled to 27 per cent
      reservation in central educational institutions in a phased manner, over a period of three years
      commencing from the academic session 2008-09. The National Commission for Backward
      Classes (NCBC) was set up in 1993 as per the provision of the National Commission for
      Backward Classes Act, 1993.
      Relevant Website: www.ncbc.nic.in
      Pre-Matric Scholarship for OBCs