movement. The objectives of Jal Kranti Abhiyan are as follows: strengthening grass root
involvement of all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj Institutions and local bodies in the
water security and development schemes (e.g. Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM);
encouraging the adoption/utilization of traditional knowledge in water resources conservation
and its management; to utilize sector level expertise from different levels in government, NGO’s,
citizens, etc; and enhancing livelihood security through water security in rural areas.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
During 2015-16, Pradhan Mantri Krishi SinchayeeYojana (PMKSY) was launched with an
aim to enhance physical access of water on farm and expand cultivable area under assured
irrigation, improve on farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation
The main objectives of the scheme are include: achieve convergence of investments in
irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub district level water
use plans); enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under
assured irrigation (har khet ko pani); improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage
and increase availability both in duration and extent; enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce
sustainable water conservation practices; promote extension activities relating to water
harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field
functionaries ; and attract greater private investments in precision irrigation.
Major and medium irrigation/ multipurpose irrigation (MMI) projects are being funded
under PMKSY-AIBP and Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies, Surface
Minor Irrigation (SMI) projects and Command Area Development & Water Management
(CAD&WM) projects are being funded under PMKSY-Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP).
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme
The Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) was launched in 1996-97 to provide
Central Assistance to major/medium irrigation projects in the country, with the objective to
accelerate implementation of such projects which were beyond resource capability of the states
or were in advanced stage of completion. Priority was given to those projects which were started
in pre-Fifth and Fifth Plan period and also to those which were benefiting tribal and drought
prone areas. From 1999-2000 onwards, Central Loan Assistance under AIBP was also extended
to minor surface irrigation projects of special category states (Northern Eastern states and hilly
states of Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttaranchal and projects benefitting
Kalahandi Balangir Koraput districts of Odisha).
Command Area Development and Water Management
The Centrally Sponsored Command Area Development (CAD) Programme was launched in
1974-75 for development of adequate delivery system of irrigation water up to farmers’ field
with an objective to enhance water use efficiency and production and productivity of crops per
unit of land and water for improving socio- economic condition of farmers. The pogramme
envisages integration of all activities relating to irrigated agriculture in a coordinated manner
with multi- disciplinary team under a Command Area Development Authority.
The Programme was restructured and renamed as Command Area Development and Water