Collection (MTCC) and Gene Bank. Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR
      today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select
      technology domains.
      Relevant Website: www.csir.res.in
      Atomic Energy
            The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), established in 1954 is engaged in the
      development of nuclear power technology, applications of radiation technologies in the fields of
      agriculture, medicine, industry, and basic research. Some of these are: (i) increasing the share of
      nuclear power through deployment of indigenous and other proven technologies and also
      developing fast breeder reactors and thorium reactors with associated fuel cycle facilities; (ii)
      building and operation of research reactors for production of radioisotopes and carrying out
      radiation technology applications in the field of medicine, agriculture and industry; (iii)
      developing advanced technologies such as accelerators, lasers and encourage transfer of
      technology to industry; (iv) support to basic research in nuclear energy and related frontier areas
      of science, interaction with universities and academic institutions, support to R&D projects
      having a bearing on DAE’s programmes and international cooperation in related areas of
      research; and (v) contribution to national security. An integrated group of organizations, the
      department comprises five research centres, three industrial organisations, five public sector
      undertakings and three service organisations. It has two boards for promoting and funding
      extramural research in nuclear and allied fields, and mathematics. It also supports seven institutes
      of international repute, engaged in research in basic sciences, astronomy, astrophysics, cancer
      research, education, etc., and a society that provides educational facilities to the children of DAE
      employees.
            DAE has wide ranging capabilities in uranium mining and mineral procesing, and is self-
      suficient inthe production of heavy water, zirconium alloy components and other materials and
      supplies, for pressurised heavy water reactor. The Nuclear Fuel Complex at Hyderabad
      manufactures fuel assemblies for pressurised heavy water reactors, boiling water reactors and
      fast breeder reactor.
      Relevant Website: www.dae.nic.in
      Heavy Water Board
            The Heavy Water Board (HWB) has contributed successfully to the first stage of Nuclear
      Power Programme by producing heavy water for all pressurised heavy water reactors in a cost
      effective manner enabling the Department to provide nuclear power at an affordable cost.
      Presently, the Board is not only self-sufficient in meeting the domestic demand of heavy water,
      but is also geared up to supply heavy water for the future PHWRs and AHWRs as per the
      envisioned nuclear power programme of DAE. Over a period of time, HWB has emerged as the
      largest global producer and a trusted supplier of this strategic material.
            HWB has made major progress on its extended mandate in the field of development,
      demonstration and deployment of technologies for in-core and out of core material inputs for
      Indian Nuclear Power Programme, required at the front-end as well as back-end of nuclear fuel
      cycle mainly centering around three broad areas such as solvents for front and back end
      hydrometallurgical operations of nuclear fuel cycle; demonstrating solvent extraction technology