Himalayas Climate Change Portal (http://knowledgeportal-nmshe.in/) was launched to make the
      knowledge on himalayas readily available for the end users and community
      National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI)
            It has evolved as an umbrella scheme for a seamless innovation ecosystem booster. Major
      links of the innovation to market value chain would be supported and strengthened at various
      nodes (each node signifying a cluster of 3 neighbouring districts) across the country to attain the
      mission of nation building through innovation, entrepreneurship and incubation. The specific
      components of NIDHI are - grand challenge and competitions for scouting innovations;
      promotion and acceleration of young and aspiring innovators and startups (PRAYAS) - support
      from idea to prototype; entrepreneur in residence (EIR) -support system to reduce risk; startup-
      NIDHI through innovation and entrepreneurship development centres (IEDCs) in academic
      institutions for encouraging students to promote start-ups; start-up centre in collaboration with
      MHRD - inculcating a spirit of entrepreneurship in national institutions of higher learning;
      technology business incubator (TBI) - converting innovations to startups; accelerator - fast
      tracking a start-up through focused intervention; seed support system (SSS) - providing early
      stage investment; centres of excellence (COE) - a world class facility to help startups go global
      and/or scale up.
      Survey of India
            Survey of India (SOI), the national survey and mapping organisation under the Ministry of
      Science and Technology, was set up in 1767. In its assigned role as the National Principal
      Mapping Agency, Survey of India bears a special responsibility to ensure that the country’s
      domain is explored and mapped suitably to provide base maps for expeditious and integrated
      development and ensure that all resources contribute their full measure to the progress,
      prosperity and security of the country. The primary responsibility of SOI is to maintain
      topographical map coverage on 1:250K, 1:50K and l:25K scales. The topographical map
      coverage on l:250K and 1:50K scales covering the entire country has been completed and the
      map sheets are being updated at regular intervals to depict latest spatial information. Surveys on
      1:25K scale were taken up as national requirement keeping in view the priorities indicated by the
      central/ state governments and other user agencies. It has also been called upon extensively to
      deploy its expertise in the field of geodetic and geophysical surveys, study of seismicity and
      seismotectonics, glaciology, participation in Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica and
      projects related to digital cartography and digital photogrammetry, etc., to provide basic data to
      keep pace with Science and Technology Department.
            SOI has undertaken creation of digital cartographic data base of topographical maps on
      various scales. The digital data is being used by various agencies for planning and GIS
      applications. It also undertakes large scale surveys for various developmental projects including
      hydro-electric, irrigation, command area, canal area, cantt. area schemes, etc. The Department is
      responsible to fix the external boundary of India, their depiction on maps published in the
      country and also advise on the demarcation of inter-state boundaries. The Survey of India also
      provides support to other countries e.g., Nigeria, Afghanistan, Kenya, Iraq, Nepal, Sri Lanka,
      Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Bhutan, Mauritius, etc., in the field of mapping, survey education, transfer
      of technology, and various other surveying technologies under bilateral arrangements. Under UN
      mandate, Survey of India also provides support to countries in Asia-Pacific region for capacity