Swachhta Action Plan
Swachhta Action Plan (SAP), a first of its kind inter-ministerial programme for Swachhta, is
a concrete realization of the vision that swachhta is everyone’s business. All Union
ministries/departments have started to work for its realization in a significant manner with
appropriate budget provisions.
Swachh Iconic Places
The Ministry has taken up a multi-stakeholder initiative focusing on cleaning up 100 places
across the country that are “iconic” due to their heritage, religious and/or cultural significance.
The goal of the Initiative is to improve the cleanliness conditions at these places to a distinctly
higher level. This initiative is in partnership with ministries of Urban Development, Tourism and
Culture with MDWS being the nodal ministry. So far in first two phases, 20 iconic places has
been taken up. All these 20 iconic sites have designated PSUs for financial and technical support.
National Rural Drinking Water Programme
The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is a centrally sponsored scheme
aimed at providing adequate and safe drinking water to the rural population of the country. The
NRDWP is a component of Bharat Nirman which focuses on the creation of the infrastructure.
This has resulted in the provision of significant additional resources to the sector and for creating
an environment for the development of infrastructure and capacities for the successful operation
of drinking water supply schemes in rural areas. Rural drinking water supply is a state subject
and is also included in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution amongst the subjects that may
be entrusted to panchayats by the states. Thus the participation of the Panchayati Raj Institutions
in the rural drinking water supply sector is an important area of focus.
Government of India’s major intervention in water sector started in 1972-73 through the
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) for assisting states/UTs to accelerate the
coverage of drinking water supply in ‘problem villages’. A Technology Mission with stress on
water quality, appropriate technology intervention, human resource development support and
other related activities was introduced in 1986 which was subsequently renamed as the Rajiv
Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (RGNDWM) in 1991. In 1999-2000, Sector Reform
Projects were started to involve the community in planning, implementation and management of
drinking water schemes which was in 2002 scaled up as the Swajaldhara programme. The
programme was revised in 2009 and named as National Rural Drinking Water Programme