chain through value change. Till now 702 Gram Panchayats have been identified by Members of
      Parliament under Phase - I and are taking concrete steps towards their development. This scheme
      is unique and transformative as it has a holistic approach towards development. It envisages
      integrated development of the selected village across multiple areas such as agriculture, health,
      education, sanitation, environment, livelihoods, etc. Far beyond mere infrastructure
      development, SAGY aims at instilling certain values, such as people’s participation, Antyodaya,
      gender equality, dignity of women, social justice, spirit of community service, cleanliness, eco-
      friendliness, maintaining ecological balance, peace and harmony, mutual cooperation, self-
      reliance, local self-government, transparency and accountability in public life, etc., in the villages
      and their people so that they get transformed into models for others.
      Key Features
            The distinguishing features of SAGY are as follows: Village Development Plan: The Gram
      Panchayats adopted under SAGY prepared Village Development Plans (VDP) containing
      prioritized time-bound activities to achieve holistic progress of the village, through convergence
      of resources. Gram Panchayats have very systematically taken development approach by
      involving Gram Sabha and they have prepared comprehensive VDP for their development. In
      order to keep track of the progress of projects listed in the VDP, a Tracking Template has been
      developed and the progress is monitored online; Panchayat Darpan: The Ministry has developed
      a 35 point impact monitoring tool to gauge the impact of SAGY in the GPs. Progress is measured
      through outcome indicators broadly covering basic amenities, education, health, sanitation,
      livelihood, women empowerment, financial inclusion, food security, social security and e-
      governance. The impact is measured on quarterly (22 indicators), half yearly (7 indicators) and
      yearly basis (6 indicators).
            A campaign, namely, Gram Swaraj Abhiyan was also started. This campaign which,
      undertaken under “Sabka Sath, Sabka Gaon, Sabka Vikas”, is to promote social harmony, spread
      awareness about pro-poor initiatives of the government, reach out to poor households to enroll
      them as also to obtain their feedback on various welfare programmes. During this, saturation of
      eligible households/persons would be made under seven flagship pro-poor programmes namely,
      Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Saubhagya, Ujala Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana,
      Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and Mission
      Land Reforms
      Watershed Management Programme
            Land and water are two of the most important natural resources. Population pressures and
      demands on land and water and the increasing degradation of these resources are affecting the
      stability and resilience of our ecosystem and environment. The expansion of human settlements
      and infrastructure and intensification of agriculture and allied activities and their expansion into
      marginal areas and fragile ecosystems, emphasize the need for integrated planning and
      management of land and water resources.
            A watershed is a topographically delineated area that is drained by a stream system. It
      includes physical and hydroiogical natural resources. Management of a watershed entails the
      rational utilization of land and water resources for optimum productivity, with minimum hazards
      to human settlements. Watershed management is the process of guiding and organizing land use