Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) is the flagship placement
      linked skill-training programme under the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD). Announced
      in 2014, DDU-GKY is a critical component of the National Skill Development Policy, and has
      an ambitious agenda, to benchmark wage placement-linked skill programmes to global standards
      and requirements. The ultimate aim is to convert India’s demographic surplus into a
      demographic dividend by developing rural India into a globally preferred source of skilled
      labour. As a result, the scheme will also benefit more than 55 million poor rural youth who are
      ready-to-be skilled, by providing sustainable employment. In this way the scheme is expected to
      play a crucial role in generational poverty alleviation. The scheme is a pioneer in standards-led
      delivery of skilling, the first to notify standard operating procedures for training, and the first to
      introduce IT solutions for skilling, including mandatory tablets for trainees, Aadhar-linked
      biometric information on attendance, and geo-tagged time-stamped record of training centres and
      classes. DDU-GKY has its roots in the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY). SGSY
      was formed by the restructuring of the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) in
      1999, with a 15 per cent allocation for special projects. In 2010, SGSY was restructured as the
      National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM), also known as Aajeevika. The Ministry revised
      the guidelines in 2013 as Aajeevika Skills with a view to increase the reach of the programme.
      On Antyodaya Diwas, 25th September 2014, Aajeevika Skills was announced as DDU-GKY
      with a focus on providing opportunities through skilling for rural poor youth in domestic and
      global jobs.
      Key Features
           DDU-GKY follows a 3-tier implementation architecture in PPP mode, with the National
      Unit responsible for policy, central investments and technical support, SRLMs/State Skills
      Missions responsible for state investments, implementation and monitoring controls, and Project
      Implementing Agencies (PIAs), both public and private training partners with a legacy in skill
      training, responsible for mobilization, training and placements: (i) The focus of this programmes
      is on the rural youth from poor families, in the age group of 15 to 35 years, belonging to: a)
      MGNREGA worker household in which household members have together completed 15 days of
      work; b) RSBY household; c) Antyodaya Anna Yojana card household; d) BPL PDS card
      households; e) NRLM-SHG household; f) Household covered under auto inclusion parameters of
      SECC 2011. (ii) Full social inclusion of candidates is ensured by the mandatory coverage of
      socially disadvantaged groups— 50 per cent allocation to SC/ST groups, 15 per cent to
      minorities, 33 per cent for women and 3 per cent for persons with disabilities. (iii) Placement in
      wage employment is mandated for a minimum of 70 per cent of all successful candidates, with a
      minimum salary of ₹ 6,000/- per month or the minimum wages, whichever is higher. (iv) The
      programme promotes the economic strategies—Make In India, through proactive partnership
      with industry through multi-pronged engagement— champion employer policy, captive
      employer policy and industrial internship policy.
      Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
           Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) was launched in 2014 with the aim to develop one
      village by each Member of Parliament as a model village by 2016 and two more by 2019. The
      goal of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is to translate the comprehensive and organic
      vision of Mahatma Gandhi into reality, keeping in view the present context. SAGY lays
      emphasis on inspiring values of national pride, patriotism, unity, self-confidence to be as
      important as developing infrastructure. In other words, SAGY attempts to develop the value