exclusion category; (d) setting up of national technical support agency at national level to
      provide technical support to the implementing agencies and to the beneficiaries in taking up
      construction of houses and help in achieving the target set under the project.
      National Social Assistance Programme
            Article 41 of the Constitution of India directs the state to provide public assistance to its
      citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of
      undeserved want within the limit of its economic capacity and development. Directive Principles
      of State Policy enshrined in the Constitution of India enjoin upon the state to undertake within its
      means a number of welfare measures. It is in accordance with these noble principles that the
      Government of India introduced National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) in 1995 as a
      centrally sponsored scheme under which 100 per cent central assistance is extended to the
      states/UTs to provide the benefits in accordance with the norms, guidelines and conditions laid
      down by the central government. NSAP is a social assistance programme for poor households—
      for the aged, widows, disabled and in the case of death of the breadwinner, thereby aiming at
      ensuring minimum national standards in addition to the benefits that the states are providing or
      might provide in further. The intention in providing hundred per cent central assistance is to
      ensure that social protection to the beneficiaries is available throughout the country. States are
      free to add on and expand their coverage.
            Presently NSAP comprises the following schemes for Below Poverty Line Households
      (BPL):
      Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS): Under the scheme, assistance is
      provided to person of 60 years and above and belonging to family living below poverty line as
      per the criteria prescribed by Government of India. Central assistance of ₹ 200/- per month is
      provided to person in the age group of 60-79 years and ₹ 500/- per month to persons of 80 years
      and above.
      Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS): Under the scheme central assistance
      of ₹ 300/- per month is provided to widows in the age-group of 40-79 years and belonging to
      family living below poverty line as per the criteria prescribed by Government of India. After
      attaining the age of 80 years, the beneficiary would be shifted to IGNOAPS for getting pension
      of ₹ 500/-per month.
      Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS): Under the scheme central
      assistance of ₹ 300/- per month is provided to persons aged 18-79 years with severe or multiple
      disabilities and belonging to family living below poverty line as per the criteria prescribed by
      Government of India. After attaining the age of 80 years, the beneficiary would be shifted to
      IGNOAPS for getting pension of ₹ 500/- per month.
      National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS): Under the scheme a BPL household is entitled to lump
      sum amount of money on the death of primary breadwinner aged between 18 and 59 years. The
      amount of assistance is ₹ 20,000/-.
      Annapurna: Under the scheme, 10 kg of foodgrains per month are provided free of cost to those
      senior citizens who, though eligible under IGNOAPS, are not receiving pension under
      IGNOAPS.
      Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana