exclusion category; (d) setting up of national technical support agency at national level to
provide technical support to the implementing agencies and to the beneficiaries in taking up
construction of houses and help in achieving the target set under the project.
National Social Assistance Programme
Article 41 of the Constitution of India directs the state to provide public assistance to its
citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of
undeserved want within the limit of its economic capacity and development. Directive Principles
of State Policy enshrined in the Constitution of India enjoin upon the state to undertake within its
means a number of welfare measures. It is in accordance with these noble principles that the
Government of India introduced National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) in 1995 as a
centrally sponsored scheme under which 100 per cent central assistance is extended to the
states/UTs to provide the benefits in accordance with the norms, guidelines and conditions laid
down by the central government. NSAP is a social assistance programme for poor households—
for the aged, widows, disabled and in the case of death of the breadwinner, thereby aiming at
ensuring minimum national standards in addition to the benefits that the states are providing or
might provide in further. The intention in providing hundred per cent central assistance is to
ensure that social protection to the beneficiaries is available throughout the country. States are
free to add on and expand their coverage.
Presently NSAP comprises the following schemes for Below Poverty Line Households
Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS): Under the scheme, assistance is
provided to person of 60 years and above and belonging to family living below poverty line as
per the criteria prescribed by Government of India. Central assistance of ₹ 200/- per month is
provided to person in the age group of 60-79 years and ₹ 500/- per month to persons of 80 years
Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS): Under the scheme central assistance
of ₹ 300/- per month is provided to widows in the age-group of 40-79 years and belonging to
family living below poverty line as per the criteria prescribed by Government of India. After
attaining the age of 80 years, the beneficiary would be shifted to IGNOAPS for getting pension
of ₹ 500/-per month.
Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS): Under the scheme central
assistance of ₹ 300/- per month is provided to persons aged 18-79 years with severe or multiple
disabilities and belonging to family living below poverty line as per the criteria prescribed by
Government of India. After attaining the age of 80 years, the beneficiary would be shifted to
IGNOAPS for getting pension of ₹ 500/- per month.
National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS): Under the scheme a BPL household is entitled to lump
sum amount of money on the death of primary breadwinner aged between 18 and 59 years. The
amount of assistance is ₹ 20,000/-.
Annapurna: Under the scheme, 10 kg of foodgrains per month are provided free of cost to those
senior citizens who, though eligible under IGNOAPS, are not receiving pension under
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana