the need for a body that could facilitate the growth of the Indian film industry, the Government
of India merged the FFC and IMPEC and NFDC. The NFDC has so far funded/ produced over
200 films. These films, in various Indian languages, have been widely acclaimed and have won
many national and international awards. The Corporation has its corporate office at Mumbai
along with three regional offices situated at Chennai, Kolkata, and Delhi and a branch office at
Relevant Website: www.nfdcindia.com.org
Central Board of Film Certification
Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under Ministry of
Information and Broadcasting, regulating the public exhibition of films under the provisions of
the Cinematograph Act, 1952.
Films can be publicity exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the Central
Board of Film Certification. Though the first film in India (Raja Harishchandra) was produced
in 1913 by Dadasaheb Phalke, the Indian Cinematograph Act was passed and came into effect
only in 1920. Censor Boards (as they were called then) were placed under police chiefs in cities
of Madras, Bombay, Calcutta, Lahore and Rangoon. Regional censors were independent. After
Independence autonomy of regional censors was abolished and they were brought under the
Bombay Board of Film Censors. With implementation of Cinematograph Act, 1952, the board
was unified and reconstituted, as the Central Board of Film Censors.
Cinematograph (Certification) Rules were revised in 1983 and since then the Central Board
of Film Censors became known as the Central Board of Film Certification. The Board consists of
non-official members and a chairman (all of whom are appointed by central government) and
functions with headquarters at Mumbai. It has nine regional offices, one each at Mumbai,
Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Cuttack and
Guwahati. The regional offices are assisted in the examination of films by Advisory Panels. The
members of the panels are nominated by central government by drawing people from different
walks of life for a period of 2 years.
The Certification process is in accordance with the Cinamatograph Act, 1952, the
Cinematograph (Certification) Rules, 1983, and the guidelines issued by the central government
u/s 5(b). Initially there were only two grading, U and A. In 1983 two more rating were
introduced i.e., UA and S. UA means it can be unrestricted public exhibition but with a word of
caution that children below 12 years of age will require the parental guidance, the S category is
only for special class of persons like doctors, etc.
Relevant Website: www.cbfcindia.gov.in
Directorate of Film Festivals
The Directorate of Film Festivals was set up in 1973 with the prime objective of promoting
good cinema. This is undertaken by organizing a range of activities under these broad categories:
(a) the International Film Festival of India; (b) the National Film Awards and the Dadasaheb
Phalke Award; (c) cultural exchange programme and organizing screening of Indian films
through the missions abroad; (d) the selection of Indian Panorama; (e) participation in
international film festivals abroad; (f) special film expositions on behalf of the Government of
India; and (g) print collection and documentation.