news agencies to magnify its global news footprint. Currently, PTI commands 90 per cent of
      news agency market share in India. Besides the news and photo services, the other services of the
      agency include mailer packages of feature, science service, economic service and Data India, and
      screen-based services as News-scan and stock scan. A television wing, PTI-TV, does features
      and undertakes corporate documentaries on assignment basis. The PTI has arrangements with the
      Associated Press (AP) and Agency France Press (AFP) for distribution of their news in India.
      AP’s photo and international commercial information are also distributed in the country through
      Relevant Website:
      United News of India
            United News of India (UNI) was incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 in December,
      1959 and started functioning effectively from 1961. In the past five decades, UNI has grown into
      a major news organisation in India and, with its vibrant presence, provided the much-needed
      spirit of competition in the vital areas of news gathering and dissemination. It also has a full-
      fledged Hindi wire service ‘UNIVARTA’ since 1982 and a Photo Service and a Graphics
      Service in the same decade. In June 1992, it launched the first ever wire service in Urdu. UNI’s
      Photo Service distributes about 200 pictures every day, including sixty international photographs
      from EPA, the European Pressphoto Agency and Reuters. Its Graphics Service distributes five or
      six graphics every day.
      Relevant Website:
      NAM News Network
            NAM News Network (NNN) is the internet-based news and photo exchange arrangement of
      the news agencies belonging to member countries of the non-aligned movement. News and photo
      contributions of NAM news agencies including Press Trust of India are uploaded onto the NNN
      website http:/ for online access by all. Malaysian news agency
      Bernama is at present handling the operation of the website from Kuala Lumpur.
            Formally launched in April 2006, NNN replaces the Non-aligned News Agencies Pool
      (NANAP) which had acted as the news exchange mechanism among non-aligned countries for
      30 years. With internet a cheap and reliable mode of communication, NNN contributes to
      sustained flow of information in the 116 member non-aligned world. NANAP, set up in 1976,
      was the first attempt of the non-aligned movement to provide for exchange of news among its
      member countries. At a time when communication costs were very high, NANAP provided for
      sharing of communication channels of member news agencies to ensure a common network for
      exchange of news among all countries of the non-aligned movement.
      Relevant Website:
      Press Council of India
            The Press Council of India is a statutory quasi-judicial autonomous authority mandated by
      the Parliament for the twin objective of preserving the freedom of the press and maintaining and
      improving the standards of newspapers and the news agencies in India exercising equal quasi-
      judicial functions over the authorities as well the press person. It comprises a Chairman and 28